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Aviation Psychology: Development and Application

Abstract The safe transportation of passengers by commercial airline pilots is contingent upon their good physical and mental health. Given the recent tragedy involving the Germanwings aircraft, there is heightened concern regarding pilots’ psychological well-being. Aviation psychology, a branch dedicated to applying psychological principles to aviation medicine, plays a pivotal role in addressing these concerns. This study aims to elucidate how aviation psychology influences the performance of pilots and flight crews. Introduction The emergence of aviation psychology coincided with the development of aviation medicine and work psychology. Initially focusing on pilot selection, the field has expanded to encompass various aspects of aviation, including commercial, military, and general aviation. Aviation psychologists now play diverse roles, including accident investigation, mental health maintenance, and pilot certification. This specialization is necessitated by the unique cognitive demands and stresses experienced during flight. Development of Aviation Psychology The evolution of aviation psychology can be traced back to the 1940s, with its roots in ensuring the safety of fighter pilots during World War II. Notable incidents, such as the Tenerife disaster, have underscored the importance of addressing psychological factors in aviation safety. Advances in understanding human factors and cognitive limitations have led to the integration of psychology into pilot selection, training, and cockpit design. The Contributions of Aviation Safety Discipline to Understanding Psychology Human factors, particularly human error, are implicated in a significant proportion of aviation accidents. Psychology plays a crucial role in analyzing and mitigating these errors, with a focus on integrating humans and technology to optimize performance. Understanding human behavior is essential for designing safer aviation systems and minimizing the risk of accidents. Provide a Non-Judgmental Psychological Support to Staff and Family Aviation psychology extends beyond the cockpit to offer support to aviation personnel and their families. Employee assistance programs provide counseling and interventions to address personal and professional challenges, thereby promoting employee well-being and engagement. Profiling Pilots and Assessing Suitability to Airline The selection and training of pilots are informed by aviation psychology, with an emphasis on assessing cognitive abilities and psychological health. Psychological evaluations are integral to ensuring that pilots are mentally prepared for the demands of their profession, contributing to safer aviation operations. Conclusion Aviation psychology plays a vital role in ensuring the safety and well-being of pilots and flight crews. By addressing psychological factors and human errors, it contributes to the advancement of aviation safety and the prevention of accidents. Continued research and application of psychological principles are essential for enhancing flight safety and promoting the psychological health of aviation personnel. References Boyd, D. D., Scharf, M., & Cross, D. (2020). A comparison of general aviation accidents involving airline pilots and instrument-rated private pilots. Journal of Safety Research, 22(42). Web. Enos, G. (2022). California pilots targeting the vulnerable overcame obstacles early in the pandemic. Mental Health Weekly, 32(5), 1–7. Web. Gattupalli, R. (2022). Comparing reported safety behavior of safety major aviation students and non-safety major aviation students. Psychology and Behavioral Science International Journal, 18(5). Web. Kanka, M., & Schwarz, M. (2022). 10th International summer school on aviation psychology. Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors, 12(1), 65–68. Web. Keller, J., Mendonca, F. A. C., & Adjekum, D. K. (2022). Understanding factors underlying fatigue among collegiate aviation pilots in the United States. Safety, 8(2), 46. Web. Pacheco, A., & De Moraes Garcia, A. C. (2020). Language issues of Brazilian pilots regarding structure: A comparative study between student pilots and SDEA test takers. The Especialist, 41(3). Web. Ragan, A., Sommer, T., & Drews, F. (2017). A comparison of airline safety videos in information acquisition. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 61(1), 1671–1673. Web. Sagan, A., Kowalska-Bobko, I., Biechowska, D., Rogala, M., & Gałązka-Sobotka, M. (2022). Implementation of mental health centers pilots in Poland since 2018: A chance to move towards community-based mental health services. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(9), 5774. Web. Schwarz, M. (2019). Meeting report. Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors, 9(2), 114–117. Web. Yu, F., Li, X., & Yang, J. (2022). Investigation of pilots’ mental health and analysis of influencing factors in China: based on structural equation model. BMC Public Health, 22(1). Web.

Healthcare in the Film “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest”

Health and aging are enduring aspects of society, significantly impacting the well-being of individuals. Perceptions of health and aging vary widely based on diverse factors such as culture, socioeconomic status, and education. While some regard good health and graceful aging as products of financial privilege, others recognize them as outcomes of self-care and gradual efforts. Mental health, often stigmatized, is a vital component of overall well-being, particularly in aging populations. The portrayal of neurodegenerative diseases and care mechanisms in the film “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest” underscores prevalent misunderstandings. Drawing parallels with conditions like Alzheimer’s disease, the movie sheds light on the harmful effects of misconceptions and negative stereotypes on both mental and physical health. The protagonist, Randle Patrick McMurphy, straddles the line between insanity and manipulation, highlighting the complexities of mental illness and the power dynamics within healthcare settings (Jennings, 2011). The film aptly illustrates that isolating individuals with severe mental health issues exacerbates their condition rather than aiding recovery, a lesson pertinent to modern healthcare. “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest” serves as a cautionary tale for contemporary healthcare, especially in addressing the needs of aging individuals facing significant declines in health. The repercussions of such declines extend beyond individual well-being to encompass familial and financial burdens. Alzheimer’s disease, in particular, presents ongoing challenges due to its progressive nature and irreversible effects. Healthcare providers must prioritize patient-centered care, contrary to the institutionalized and dehumanizing practices depicted in the film. The central conflict between McMurphy and Nurse Ratched mirrors broader controversies in modern healthcare, emphasizing the importance of ethical, evidence-based care for older adults. Abandoning outdated practices and destigmatizing mental health are imperative to ensuring dignified aging and minimizing suffering. “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest” serves as a stark reminder of the consequences of neglecting individual needs in healthcare, advocating for a more compassionate and personalized approach. ReferenceJennings, B. (2011). Institutional power: One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest. In H. Colt, S. Quadrelli, & F. Lester (Eds.), The picture of health: Medical ethics and the movies (pp. 241-245). New York, NY: Oxford Academic.

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