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HIM FPX 4610 Assessment 6 Health Topic Presentation

Name

Capella University

HIM FPX 4610 Medical Terminology

Prof. Name

Date

Health Topic Presentation: Diabetes Mellitus

Introduction

Greetings, my name is Heather Jones, and I am honored to address you today. As a dedicated nurse, my mission has always been to provide care for the ailing. Diabetes mellitus, a condition that impacts numerous families, including my own, is the focus of today’s discussion. Throughout this presentation, I aim to impart insightful knowledge on diabetes mellitus, covering its etiology, causes, symptoms, prognosis, treatments, diagnostic procedures, support systems, and prevention strategies.

Etiology and Types

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic ailment that disrupts the body’s ability to convert food into energy efficiently. Following digestion, most food is converted into glucose, a form of sugar that enters the bloodstream. Elevated blood sugar prompts the pancreas to release insulin, a hormone that facilitates glucose absorption into cells, where it serves as a primary energy source.

Type 1 Diabetes: Formerly known as juvenile or insulin-dependent diabetes, type 1 diabetes is believed to stem from an autoimmune reaction, halting insulin production within the body. It can manifest at any age.

Type 2 Diabetes: In type 2 diabetes, the body becomes resistant to insulin, resulting in persistently high blood sugar levels. While typically diagnosed in adults after years of symptoms, it is increasingly prevalent among younger individuals.

Signs and Symptoms

Type 1: Symptoms of type 1 diabetes may take months or years to emerge and can be severe, encompassing increased thirst, hunger, fatigue, and unexplained weight loss.

Type 2: Symptoms of type 2 diabetes are similar but often develop more gradually, including increased thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, and blurred vision.

Complications and Risk Factors

Chronic elevation of blood sugar levels can lead to complications such as heart disease, eye disorders, and kidney dysfunction. Risk factors for diabetes include genetic predisposition, age, ethnicity, and a history of gestational diabetes.

Diagnostic Procedures

Diagnostic procedures for diabetes include the A1C test, random blood sugar test, fasting blood sugar test, and glucose tolerance test.

Prognosis

Type 1: With insulin therapy, individuals with type 1 diabetes can lead fulfilling lives, though their lifespan may be slightly reduced.

Type 2: Untreated type 2 diabetes can have severe health implications, but with proper management, life expectancy can be improved.

Treatment

Treatment for type 1 diabetes entails insulin therapy, regular blood sugar monitoring, and lifestyle adjustments. Type 2 diabetes management may involve lifestyle modifications, oral medications, insulin therapy, or a combination thereof.

Support Systems

Diabetes educators play a pivotal role in aiding individuals with diabetes in managing their condition effectively.

Prevention

Strategies for preventing type 2 diabetes include maintaining a healthy weight, adhering to a balanced diet, and engaging in regular physical activity.

References

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Diabetes. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/index.html

American Heart Association editorial staff and reviewed by science and medicine advisors. (n.d.). Diabetes Risk Factors. Retrieved from https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/diabetes/understand-your-risk-for-diabetes

American Diabetes Association. (n.d.). Community. Retrieved from https://www.diabetes.org/community

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Diabetes- Who’s at Risk? Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/basics/risk-factors.html

HIM FPX 4610 Assessment 6 Health Topic Presentation

Children’s Diabetes Foundation. (n.d.). Diabetes Support Groups. Retrieved from https://www.childrensdiabetesfoundation.org/support-groups

Hanna, K. M., Juarez, B., Lenss, S. S., & Guthrie, D. (2003). Independent Decision Making in Diabetes Management Checklist. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing.

Harvard Health Publishing. (2018). Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. Retrieved from https://www.health.harvard.edu/a_to_z/type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-to-z

Harvard Health Publishing. (2018). Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Retrieved from https://www.health.harvard.edu/a_to_z/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-to-z

Jacobson, A., & De. Groot, M. S. (2003). Diabetes Quality of Life. Family Process.

HIM FPX 4610 Assessment 6 Health Topic Presentation

Johnson, S. B., Pollack, T., Silverstein, J. H., Rosenbloom, A. L., Spillar, R., McCallum, M., & Harkavy, J. (1991). General Information– Diabetes. Journal of Pediatric Psychology.

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