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PHI FPX 2000 Assessment 4 Contemporary Social Issues

Name

Capella University

PHI FPX 2000 Ethics

Prof. Name

Date

Contemporary Social Issues: Abortion

Abortion remains one of the most contentious and debated topics in contemporary society, involving the termination of pregnancy by removing the fetus from the uterus. This multifaceted issue has deep roots in conflicting views that emerged during the twentieth-century sexual revolution, sparking controversies around abortion. The Catholic Church, as exemplified by the Vatican’s 1987 instructions and its steadfast stance at the 1994 Cairo Conference, has consistently opposed abortion.

Similarly, many countries around the world share this opposition to abortion and family planning (Turgambayeva et al., 2018). In contrast, Protestant and Orthodox countries tend to adopt a more tolerant approach. Globally, an estimated 60 million abortions occur each year (Turgambayeva et al., 2018).

Importance of Abortion from Multiple Viewpoints

Abortion assumes significance from diverse perspectives, including individual autonomy and freedom in decision-making, which are essential in a democratic society. Additionally, the importance of safe and lawful abortion for women’s reproductive health cannot be overstated (Yokoe et al., 2019). Issues of gender equality come to the forefront, with women from low-income backgrounds and minority groups facing disproportionate challenges due to restricted access to healthcare for safe and lawful abortions (Erdman, 2019). Furthermore, abortion serves as a highly controversial topic with profound political and social implications (Baird & Millar, 2020).

Conflicting Perspectives Regarding Abortion

Three major conflicting perspectives on abortion exist. On one hand, advocates for women’s rights argue for access to lawful and secure abortion, particularly in cases of rape, incest, or when the woman’s physical or mental health is at risk. They contend that restricting access would impede women’s rights and lead to unsafe, illegal abortions (Yokoe et al., 2019).

On the contrary, critics perceive abortion as morally wrong, disregarding the sanctity of human life. They argue that life begins at conception, and the fetus possesses the right to life. Additionally, they assert that abortion can harm women psychologically and physically, advocating for alternative options like adoption (Zareba et al., 2020).

Lastly, a moderate view recognizes the complexity of the matter, advocating for lawful and attainable abortion while emphasizing efforts to minimize abortion incidents through sex education, access to contraceptives, and support for expectant mothers (Terzungwe et al., 2021).

Analysis of Stakeholder’s Interest and Arguments

Stakeholders in the abortion issue encompass women seeking abortions, potential fathers, and governments shaping policies. Women seek reproductive rights, health, and safety, advocating for access to safe and legal abortion without government interference. Men may support their partners’ reproductive health while seeking to avoid unintended parenthood. Governments aim to protect citizens’ health and safety by setting standards for abortion services and addressing the rights of both mothers and fetuses (Baird & Millar, 2020).

Insight from Different Academic Disciplines

Abortion, being a multifaceted issue, receives insights from various academic disciplines. Sociology suggests that safe and legal abortion services reduce maternal mortality, unwanted pregnancies, and births. Ethical research delves into moral aspects, debating the moral rights of the fetus and a woman’s right to self-determination. Psychology studies explore potential adverse psychological consequences for women who undergo abortions (Akbari et al., 2020; Blackshaw & Rodger, 2021).

Analysis of Abortion through Deontology

Analyzing abortion through deontology, an ethical perspective emphasizing actions irrespective of consequences, reveals conflicting viewpoints. Deontological ethics consider killing an innocent person wrong, classifying a fetus as a person with moral value. However, proponents argue for abortion in certain circumstances, emphasizing personal choice and the positive impact on women’s lives (Watt & McCarthy, 2020).

Conclusion

The abortion issue remains highly contentious, encompassing varied viewpoints and interests. From personal autonomy to women’s health and gender equality, abortion holds significance in contemporary society. Conflicting perspectives range from advocating for women’s right to choose to perceiving abortion as a violation of the sanctity of life. Despite differences, there is common ground in the shared goal of reducing the need for abortions through prevention and support, emphasizing the importance of considering diverse perspectives and evidence in shaping individual conclusions.

PHI FPX 2000 Assessment 4 Contemporary Social Issues

References

Akbari, A. R., Alam, B., & Ageed, A. (2020). The psychological impact of abortion as a predictive factor for pain experienced during medical termination. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 100(1), 181–181.

Baird, B., & Millar, E. (2020). Abortion at the edges: Politics, practices, performances. Women’s Studies International Forum, 80.

Blackshaw, B., & Rodger, D. (2021). If fetuses are persons, abortion is a public health crisis. Bioethics, 35(5).

Erdman, J. N. (2019). The gender injustice of abortion laws. Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters, 27(1).

Turgambayeva, A., Khamidullina, Z., Baubekova, A., Dudnik, Y., Zhanaliyeva, M., Kasaeva, L., Seidakhmetova, Z., & Kamzaeva, N. (2018). Abortion and contraception as medical and social problems of modern. Iranian Journal of Public Health, 47(6), 925–927.

Yokoe, R., Rowe, R., Choudhury, S. S., Rani, A., Zahir, F., & Nair, M. (2019). Unsafe abortion and abortion-related death among 1.8 million women in India. BMJ Global Health, 4(3).

Zareba, K., La Rosa, V. L., Ciebiera, M., Makara-Studziska, M., Commodari, E., & Gierus, J. (2020). Psychological effects of abortion. An updated narrative review. Eastern Journal of Medicine, 25(3), 477–483.

Terzungwe, D., Benjamin, Oojo N‟s, I. M., & Emmanuel, O. O. (2021). Influence of sex education on abortion prevention among adolescents in high level, Makurdi local government area of Benue state. International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science, 05(07), 310–318.

PHI FPX 2000 Assessment 4 Contemporary Social Issues

Watt, H., & McCarthy, A. (2020). Targeting the fetal body and/or mother-child connection: Vital conflicts and abortion. The Linacre Quarterly, 87(2), 147–160.

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