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PSY FPX 6010 Assessment 3 Topical Expert Presentation / Teen Pregnancy Postnatal


Capella University

PSY FPX 6010 Human Prenatal Development

Prof. Name


Teen Pregnancy Postnatal Support

In 2015, over 229,000 babies were born to adolescent mothers (Centers for Disease Control, 2005). Among the twenty Independent School Districts (ISDs) in Tarrant County, only one currently provides support for prenatal and postnatal care to students and their infants. The lack of support from caregivers at home can significantly impact the prenatal care received by these students and the subsequent health outcomes for their babies. Moreover, the absence of parenting classes leaves teen parents ill-prepared to navigate the challenges of raising an infant. Without access to information about community resources, these young parents may struggle to find support during pregnancy and the early months of their baby’s life.

Educational and Socioeconomic Challenges

Teenage parents often face the dilemma of dropping out of school to care for their child or seek employment to provide for their family. This exacerbates the issue of poverty within their communities and contributes to a lower graduation rate. Adolescents, particularly females under 18, are disproportionately affected by inadequate prenatal care, with approximately 65% not receiving care during the first trimester (Centers for Disease Control, 2005). Factors such as limited resources, financial constraints, lack of health insurance, and transportation barriers contribute to this disparity (Tilghman & Lovette, 2008).

Importance of Prenatal Care

Prenatal care plays a crucial role in identifying and addressing maternal and fetal health issues. It can mitigate the risk of preterm labor, reduce the likelihood of low birth weight, and educate mothers on healthy practices during pregnancy (Gennaro et al., 2016). However, teenage parenthood poses significant challenges to child development, including difficulties in acquiring cognitive and language skills, emotional regulation, socialization, and self-control (Urban Child Institute, 2019).

The Role of Parenting Classes

Parenting classes are essential for equipping teen parents with the necessary skills to care for their infants and monitor their development. These classes cover topics such as nutrition during pregnancy, infant care practices, safety measures, and early childhood development milestones (Urban Child Institute, 2019). Moreover, parent education programs have been shown to strengthen families and reduce the risk of child abuse and neglect (Parent Education, 2013).

Educational Attainment and Economic Prospects

The attainment of a high school diploma or further education is critical for improving the long-term economic prospects of teen parents and breaking the cycle of poverty. Higher levels of education are associated with increased earning potential and decreased reliance on public assistance programs (Cherry et al., 2015). However, without adequate support, many teen parents may perceive completing their education as unattainable.

Addressing Repeat Teen Pregnancies

Addressing repeat teen pregnancies requires a multifaceted approach that includes comprehensive sex education, counseling services, and support groups. While providing assistance to teenage parents may inadvertently lead to additional births, proactive measures can help prevent repeat pregnancies and empower young parents to make informed decisions about their reproductive health (Preventing Repeat Teen Births, n.d.).

Implementing School-Based Support Services

Implementing prenatal and postnatal services within school districts can significantly benefit teen parents and their infants. By providing onsite support personnel and essential services, schools can ensure that teen parents receive the guidance and resources they need to have a healthy pregnancy and raise their child. These services include prenatal screenings, parenting classes, childcare facilities, and academic support to facilitate high school completion.

Long-Term Benefits

Despite the initial investment required to establish these programs, the long-term benefits outweigh the costs. By preventing repeat pregnancies, reducing reliance on public assistance, and promoting educational attainment, these initiatives contribute to the overall well-being of teen parents, their children, and the community at large.

PSY FPX 6010 Assessment 3 Topical Expert Presentation / Teen Pregnancy Postnatal


Centers for Disease Control/National Center for Health Statistics. (2005). Prenatal care: US/State, 2002–2004 [Table]. Retrieved from

Cherry, C. O., Chumbler, N., Bute, J., & Huff, A. (2015). Building a “Better Life”: The Transformative Effects of Adolescent Pregnancy and Parenting. SAGE Open.

Gennaro, S., Melnyk, B. M., O Connor, C., Gibeau, A. M., & Nadel, E. (2016). Improving Prenatal Care for Minority Women. MCN. The American journal of maternal child nursing, 41(3), 147-153.

Tilghman, J., & Lovette, A. (2008). Prenatal Care: The Adolescent’s Perspective. The Journal of perinatal education, 17(2), 50-53.

Parent Education to Strengthen Families and Reduce the Risk of Maltreatment. (2013). Retrieved from

Preventing Repeat Teen Births | VitalSigns | CDC. (n.d.). Retrieved from

PSY FPX 6010 Assessment 3 Topical Expert Presentation / Teen Pregnancy Postnatal

Urban Child Institute. (2019). How Adolescent Parenting Affects Children, Families, and Communities. Retrieved from

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