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PSY FPX 6020 Assessment 5 Applying Bronfenbrenner’s Theory


Capella University

PSY FPX 6020 Advocacy in Child and Adolescent Development

Prof. Name



Bronfenbrenner proposed an ecological systems theory to offer a framework for comprehending child development. The theory aims to elucidate the interaction between individual characteristics and their environment in shaping a child’s development. It comprises five components, each shedding light on the various environments influencing children’s upbringing. These components depict the interconnected environments impacting a child’s development. Although each system affects the child uniquely, together, they play a significant role in their development (Ashiabi & O’Neal, 2015). Exploring our lives through the lens of Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory can provide valuable insights, making this paper serve as a self-assessment.


The microsystem represents the immediate environment surrounding a child, including home, school, social groups, and community. Interactions within this system, such as relationships with family, peers, educators, and caregivers, profoundly influence a child’s development. Positive interactions foster a favorable developmental trajectory, while negative ones may lead to adverse outcomes. Personal interactions within this system shape individuals’ treatment and responses. During my childhood, my microsystem primarily comprised my parents, as I was raised as an only child. Being the sole focus of attention, I developed close relationships with my parents and maternal grandmother. However, the absence of siblings occasionally resulted in feelings of loneliness, contributing to my introverted nature. Nevertheless, the support and attention from my family instilled a sense of love and security. Academically, I excelled, benefiting from a supportive family environment.

PSY FPX 6020 Assessment 5 Applying Bronfenbrenner’s Theory


The mesosystem elucidates the interconnectedness of various components within the microsystem and their influence on a child’s development. My introverted nature affected my interactions within the mesosystem, particularly with teachers. I hesitated to seek help or clarification, impacting my academic performance to some extent. Additionally, experiencing obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) at some point added complexity to my social interactions. Despite these challenges, my parents’ active involvement in my education positively influenced my academic achievements.


The exosystem comprises elements indirectly impacting a child’s development, such as parental workplaces and extended family. Both of my parents had stable careers, providing a comfortable lifestyle. Their involvement in my upbringing, along with supportive relationships with my mother’s coworkers, contributed to my social development. Moreover, their commitment to my education fostered a strong academic foundation.


The macrosystem encompasses broader cultural factors, including socioeconomic status, ethnicity, and societal norms. My upbringing was influenced by my grandmother’s Christian values, emphasizing respect and self-awareness. Additionally, as an African American, I was encouraged to strive for excellence due to prevalent stereotypes. These cultural influences shaped my identity and work ethic.


The chronosystem encompasses major life events and historical occurrences shaping a child’s development over time. Witnessing the events of 9/11 and experiencing the loss of my paternal grandmother were significant events influencing my worldview and emotional well-being. These experiences impacted my level of trust and emotional resilience.


The quality of interactions between microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem, and chronosystem determines positive or negative development. Healthy relationships among these systems are crucial for fostering positive development in children. Despite challenges in my upbringing, I am grateful for the love and support received from my family and community.


Ashiabi, G. S., & O’Neal, K. K. (2015). Child Social Development in Context. SAGE Open, 5(2), 215824401559084. doi:10.1177/2158244015590840

Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

PSY FPX 6020 Assessment 5 Applying Bronfenbrenner’s Theory

Oswalt, A. (n.d.). Urie Bronfenbrenner And Child Development. In Retrieved from

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