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PSY FPX 6025 Assessment 3 Examining Early and Middle Childhood Development


Capella University

PSY FPX 6025 Child Psychology

Prof. Name



This case study delves into the developmental trajectory of Emma, a six-year-old biracial girl under the care of her maternal grandparents due to concerns of neglect by her biological parents. Information about her parents’ background, including education, health, and socio-economic status, remains limited. Since moving in with her grandparents, Emma has had inconsistent attendance at daycare/preschool and completed a year of kindergarten with developmental concerns. Observations at her daycare/preschool indicate anxiety and withdrawal from physical contact, along with strengths in independent play and fine motor skills. However, Emma struggles with focus on tasks requiring more than two-step directions and exhibits developmental delays, particularly in large motor skills.

Ecological Perspective

John Bowlby’s attachment theory, developed in the 1930s, underscores the importance of early emotional bonds in shaping social, emotional, and cognitive development. Bowlby identified four attachment styles: secure attachment, anxious (ambivalent) attachment, avoidant attachment, and disorganized (fearful) attachment. Emma’s case demonstrates elements of both secure and anxious attachment. She shows a secure attachment to her grandparents but displays clinging behavior during visits with her mother. The inconsistent maternal care may contribute to Emma’s anxiety and withdrawal.

Expectations for Health Development

Erik Erikson’s psychosocial development theory outlines eight stages of human development, emphasizing the interaction between biological, psychological, and social factors. Emma’s developmental concerns align with Erikson’s framework, especially regarding her struggles with focus and social interaction. Additionally, maternal distress, evident in Emma’s mother’s infrequent visits and potential neglect, could affect Emma’s neurodevelopmental trajectory.


Emma, a six-year-old biracial girl, presents signs of anxiety, withdrawal, and difficulties in social interaction and focus. Her attachment patterns, influenced by inconsistent maternal care, may underlie these challenges. A thorough evaluation and intervention are essential to support Emma’s developmental journey and minimize potential long-term consequences.


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PSY FPX 6025 Assessment 3 Examining Early and Middle Childhood Development

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PSY FPX 6025 Assessment 3 Examining Early and Middle Childhood Development

Veiskarami, P., Roozbahani, M., Saedi, S., & Pour, E. G. (2021). Evaluation of the development of gross motor, fine motor, language, and personal-social skills of children 6 to 18 months in Khorramabad based on Denver II developmental screening test. Yafteh, 23(4), 169-181.

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