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PSY FPX 6025 Assessment 3 Examining Early and Middle Childhood Development

Name

Capella University

PSY FPX 6025 Child Psychology

Prof. Name

Date

Introduction

This case study delves into the developmental trajectory of Emma, a six-year-old biracial girl under the care of her maternal grandparents due to concerns of neglect by her biological parents. Information about her parents’ background, including education, health, and socio-economic status, remains limited. Since moving in with her grandparents, Emma has had inconsistent attendance at daycare/preschool and completed a year of kindergarten with developmental concerns. Observations at her daycare/preschool indicate anxiety and withdrawal from physical contact, along with strengths in independent play and fine motor skills. However, Emma struggles with focus on tasks requiring more than two-step directions and exhibits developmental delays, particularly in large motor skills.

Ecological Perspective

John Bowlby’s attachment theory, developed in the 1930s, underscores the importance of early emotional bonds in shaping social, emotional, and cognitive development. Bowlby identified four attachment styles: secure attachment, anxious (ambivalent) attachment, avoidant attachment, and disorganized (fearful) attachment. Emma’s case demonstrates elements of both secure and anxious attachment. She shows a secure attachment to her grandparents but displays clinging behavior during visits with her mother. The inconsistent maternal care may contribute to Emma’s anxiety and withdrawal.

Expectations for Health Development

Erik Erikson’s psychosocial development theory outlines eight stages of human development, emphasizing the interaction between biological, psychological, and social factors. Emma’s developmental concerns align with Erikson’s framework, especially regarding her struggles with focus and social interaction. Additionally, maternal distress, evident in Emma’s mother’s infrequent visits and potential neglect, could affect Emma’s neurodevelopmental trajectory.

Conclusion

Emma, a six-year-old biracial girl, presents signs of anxiety, withdrawal, and difficulties in social interaction and focus. Her attachment patterns, influenced by inconsistent maternal care, may underlie these challenges. A thorough evaluation and intervention are essential to support Emma’s developmental journey and minimize potential long-term consequences.

References

Fine Motor Skills. (2023). Retrieved from http://childdevelopment.com.au

Laksmi, I. G. A. P. S., Wati, N. M. N., & Lestari, R. T. R. (2020). The role of parenting to increase gross and fine motor skills development in children aged 5-6 years. Media Keperawatan Indonesia, 3(2), 54-62. https://doi.org/10.26714/mki.3.2.2020.54-62

Mcleod, S. (2023). Attachment Theory: Bowlby And Ainsworth’s Theory Explained. SimplyPsychology Journal. Retrieved from: http://simplypsychology.org

PSY FPX 6025 Assessment 3 Examining Early and Middle Childhood Development

Orenstein, G. A., & Lewis, L. (2022). Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK556096/

Tu, H. F., Skalkidou, A., Lindskog, M., & Gredebäck, G. (2021). Maternal childhood trauma and perinatal distress are related to infants’ focused attention from 6 to 18 months. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 24190. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-03568-2

Tuovinen, S., Lahti‐Pulkkinen, M., Girchenko, P., Lipsanen, J., Lahti, J., Heinonen, K., Reynolds, R. M., Hämäläinen, E., Kajantie, E., Laivuori, H., Pesonen, A., Villa, P. M., & Räikkönen, K. (2018). Maternal depressive symptoms during and after pregnancy and child developmental milestones. Depression and Anxiety, 35(8), 732-741. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22756

PSY FPX 6025 Assessment 3 Examining Early and Middle Childhood Development

Veiskarami, P., Roozbahani, M., Saedi, S., & Pour, E. G. (2021). Evaluation of the development of gross motor, fine motor, language, and personal-social skills of children 6 to 18 months in Khorramabad based on Denver II developmental screening test. Yafteh, 23(4), 169-181. https://doi.org/10.32592/Yafteh.2021.23.4.14

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