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PSY FPX 6100 Assessment 2 Create an Instructivist Lesson Plan


Capella University

PSY FPX 6100 Introduction to Educational Psychology

Prof. Name


Lesson Plan: Teaching Butterfly Life Cycles to Elementary Students

This paper presents a comprehensive lesson plan tailored for elementary students with the objective of imparting knowledge about the life cycle of butterflies through direct instruction. The lesson plan integrates principles from operant conditioning, cognitive information processing, and social learning theories to ensure effective learning outcomes.

Objective and Direct Instruction

The primary objective of the lesson plan is to familiarize elementary students with the various stages of the butterfly life cycle using a combination of direct instruction, worksheets, games, and a final assessment. Direct instruction, a widely recognized and effective educational approach, is chosen for its clarity in presenting learning objectives and engaging students actively (Huitt, Monetti & Hummel, 2009). The lesson spans over a week, with daily sessions comprising presentations followed by interactive discussions and engaging activities.

Operant Conditioning

The lesson plan incorporates elements of B.F. Skinner’s operant conditioning theory, which emphasizes the use of reinforcement techniques to shape behavior. Positive reinforcement, such as verbal praise and rewards, will be employed to motivate students and encourage active participation and completion of tasks (Staddon & Cerutti, 2003).

Cognitive Information Processing

Drawing from cognitive information processing theory, the lesson plan is designed to facilitate learning by addressing key cognitive processes including attention, encoding, storage, and retrieval of information (Lutz & Huitt, 2018). Various instructional strategies are utilized to engage students’ sensory, short-term, and long-term memory, thereby promoting deeper comprehension and retention of knowledge (Huitt, 2003).

Social Learning Theory

Albert Bandura’s social learning theory underscores the significance of modeling and observational learning in the educational process. In line with this theory, the lesson plan incorporates visual aids, interactive discussions, and collaborative activities to provide opportunities for students to learn through observation, imitation, and active participation (Bandura, 1976).


The integration of direct instruction with theoretical frameworks of learning offers a robust and effective approach to teaching complex concepts such as butterfly life cycles to elementary students. Continuous assessment and feedback mechanisms are embedded within the lesson plan to ensure ongoing evaluation of student comprehension and retention.

PSY FPX 6100 Assessment 2 Create an Instructivist Lesson Plan


Bandura, A. (1976). Social Learning Theory (1st ed.). Prentice-Hall.

Huitt, W. (2003). The information processing approach to cognition. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved [date] from,

Huitt, W., Monetti, D., & Hummel, J. (2009). Designing direct instruction. Prepublication version of chapter published in C. Reigeluth and A. Carr-Chellman, Instructional design theories and models: Volume III, Building a common knowledgebase [73-97]. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Retrieved from

Lutz, S., & Huitt, W. (2018). Information processing and memory: Theory and applications. In W. Huitt (Ed.), Becoming a Brilliant Star: Twelve core ideas supporting holistic education (pp. 25-43). La Vergne, TN: IngramSpark. Retrieved from

PSY FPX 6100 Assessment 2 Create an Instructivist Lesson Plan

Staddon, J. E. R., & Cerutti, D. T. (2003). Operant Conditioning. Annual Review of Psychology, 54(1), 115–144.

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