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PSY FPX 6100 Assessment 4 Learning Theories

Name

Capella University

PSY FPX 6100 Introduction to Educational Psychology

Prof. Name

Date

Learning Theories- “Modern”

In modern educational psychology, three prominent learning theories shape instructional practices: behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism.

Behaviorism

Behaviorism posits that learning is a result of the relationship between stimuli and responses. Learners are perceived as reactive beings influenced by external conditions. This theory suggests that learners primarily operate at a surface level and may lack deeper processing capabilities.

Cognitivism

Cognitivism shifts the focus to internal cognitive processes, such as problem-solving and critical thinking. It emphasizes understanding how learners acquire and process information. In this view, learners are regarded as capable individuals who can apply their knowledge in various contexts.

Constructivism

Constructivism emphasizes the active role of learners in constructing meaning from their experiences. Learners engage in hands-on experiences to fully grasp and internalize concepts. According to this theory, behavior is influenced by individuals’ unique interpretations of their experiences.

Appropriate Instruction

Behaviorism

Instruction in behaviorism emphasizes structured presentations and reinforcing desired responses through practice.

Cognitivism

Cognitivist instruction aims to make knowledge meaningful and compatible with learners’ existing mental frameworks. Strategies like concept mapping and advanced organizers are utilized to facilitate learning.

PSY FPX 6100 Assessment 4 Learning Theories

Constructivism

Constructivist instruction presents concepts from diverse perspectives, encourages reflective thinking, and underscores the active involvement of learners in the learning process.

Fundamental Elements

Guided Instruction

Guided instruction, particularly in the constructivist approach, underscores learning in authentic contexts with tasks relevant to learning goals. It promotes active participation and practical application of skills, such as simulating real-world scenarios to enhance competency.

Pros and Cons

Pros

Guided instruction within constructivism acknowledges the significance of experiences in shaping learning outcomes. Learners interpret information based on their unique experiences and cultural backgrounds, fostering a deeper understanding of concepts.

Cons

A drawback of guided instruction within constructivism is the potential challenge for learners to transfer knowledge beyond their personal interpretations. This limitation may hinder the development of broader perspectives or practical applications.

Own Thoughts

In modern educational practices, the integration of behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism offers a comprehensive approach to instruction, catering to diverse learning needs and preferences.

References

Capella University. (Year). Guidelines for Effective PowerPoint Presentations.

PSY FPX 6100 Assessment 4 Learning Theories

Ertmer, P. A., & Newby, T. J. (2013). Behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism: Comparing critical features from an instructional design perspective. Performance Improvement Quarterly, 26(2), 43–71.

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