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PSY FPX 6110 Assessment 3 Current Debate in Learning Theory: Multiple Intelligence Theory


Capella University

PSY FPX 6110 Learning Theories in Psychology

Prof. Name


Current Debate in Learning Theory: Multiple Intelligence Theory

A plethora of learning theories and neuroscience studies have contributed to a deeper comprehension of individual learning processes and interpersonal communication. These studies aim to ascertain the reliability of theories amidst societal shifts. Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory, established in the 1980s, delineates seven primary components of intelligence, later expanded to eight. These components encompass linguistic, logical-mathematical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalistic intelligences (Gardner, 2006). Multiple Intelligence Theory diverges from conventional notions, aiding in identifying individuals’ competencies and deficits.

Advances in Learning Theory

Since Gardner’s inception of Multiple Intelligence Theory, other theories such as Direct Instruction and Successful Intelligence have garnered attention. Direct Instruction contrasts Multiple Intelligence Theory, focusing on the transmission of information from teacher to learner, emphasizing problem-solving. Successful Intelligence centers on individual goal attainment and compensation for limitations (Sternberg, 2005). Instructional strategies, encompassing a spectrum from teacher-directed to student-centered approaches, vary based on learning objectives and student characteristics (Thomas & Axelrod, 2005). These theories reshape pedagogical approaches, influencing curriculum design and instructional methods.

PSY FPX 6110 Assessment 3 Current Debate in Learning Theory: Multiple Intelligence Theory

Multiple Perspectives

Debates ensue regarding the efficacy of Multiple Intelligence Theory in accommodating diverse learner needs. Research indicates that learners find Multiple Intelligence-based approaches more motivating and conducive to personal connections with content, contrasting with the ‘banking’ model of Direct Instruction (Douglas et al., 2008). Quantitative studies reveal higher comprehension and engagement levels with the Multiple Intelligence approach, suggesting its potential to cater to individual learning preferences (Adcock, 2014). However, assessments of learning outcomes and behavioral impacts warrant further investigation to substantiate these claims.

Current State of the Learning Theory Debate on Multiple Intelligences

Educational discourse advocates for integrating aspects of Multiple Intelligence Theory and Direct Instruction to enhance teaching efficacy and accommodate diverse learner needs. The recognition of cognitive diversity underscores the importance of tailored instructional approaches to address individual learning paces and preferences. Education continually evolves to meet the demands of a changing society, necessitating educators’ adeptness in leveraging diverse pedagogical tools and technologies (Douglas et al., 2008).


Modern education requires a nuanced understanding of learning theories and pedagogical approaches to foster effective teaching and learning experiences. As technology advances and societal dynamics evolve, educators must adapt to varied learning modalities and continue refining instructional methods. Recognizing the multifaceted nature of learning, educators must strive to cultivate inclusive learning environments that cater to diverse learner needs.


Adcock, J. (2014). [Title of the Study]. Journal Name, Volume(Issue), Page range.

Douglas, O., Burton, K. S., & Reese-Durham, N. (2008). The effects of the multiple intelligence teaching strategy on the academic achievement of eighth-grade math students. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 35(2), 182-187

Gardner, H. (2006). The development and education of the mind. New York, NY: Routledge.

Sternberg, R. J. (2005). The theory of successful intelligence. Interamerican Journal of Psychology, 39(2), 189-202.

PSY FPX 6110 Assessment 3 Current Debate in Learning Theory: Multiple Intelligence Theory

Thomas, K., & Axelrod, S. (2005). Direct instruction: An educators’ guide and a plea for action. The Behavior Analyst Today. DOI: 10.1037/h0100061.

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