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PSY FPX 6710 Assessment 1 I/O Scholar Practice Gap


Capella University

PSY FPX 6710 Principles of Industrial/Organizational Psychology

Prof. Name


Analyzing Foundational Theories of I-O Psychology

To effectively analyze the foundational theories of industrial and organizational (I-O) psychology, it is crucial first to understand the field itself. I-O psychology focuses on studying human behavior in the workplace by examining individual and group dynamics within organizational settings (Landy & Conte, 2016). Key areas of study include abilities, functions, and situational opportunities and limitations. Despite the diverse aspects that can be studied in the workplace, such as tasks, interactions, language, attitudes, and values, the overarching goal remains the symbiotic relationship between individuals in an industry or organization and the organizational objectives (Landy & Conte, 2016).

Current I-O Practices

The top five trending I-O practices identified are:

Engagement and organizational commitmentMaintaining high levels of engagement and commitment regardless of work mode.
Cultivating inclusive environmentsFostering a sense of belonging and safety within diverse organizational cultures.
Managing post-pandemic work transitionsAdapting to hybrid or fully remote work setups.
Talent attraction and retentionCompeting for and keeping top talent in a competitive job market.
Prioritizing employee well-beingEmphasizing mental health and overall well-being.

(Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 2022).

Analyzing Three Current I-O Practices

In my workplace, the three prevalent I-O practices are:

Quality of Work Life
Career mappingTelecommutingAnalyzing organizational structure
  • Career Mapping involves identifying potential career paths within the organization.
  • Telecommuting aims to reduce workplace stress by offering remote work options.
  • Analyzing Organizational Structure entails ongoing assessments and adjustments to optimize efficiency and effectiveness.
Underlying Foundational Theories and Organizational Practices
  • Career Mapping aligns with theories of industrial psychology, focusing on individual development and career progression.
  • Telecommuting pertains to organizational psychology as it relates to motivation, fairness, and stress management.
  • Analyzing Organizational Structure is rooted in organizational psychology, particularly organizational theory, which explores the design and functioning of organizations.

These practices are influenced by theories such as Hofstede’s cultural dimensions theory, which underscores the impact of culture on individuals and workplaces.

Research on Current Industrial and Organizational Practices

Research indicates that career mapping facilitates steady progress in career trajectories, although complex moves may occur due to unclear career paths (Vinkenburg et al., 2020). Laissez-faire leadership during organizational restructuring can influence employees’ perceptions of role clarity, job satisfaction, and work-related burnout (Lundmark & Tafvelin, 2022). Additionally, telecommuting has been associated with positive outcomes in individual growth when employees have the flexibility to work remotely (Masuda & Nicklin, 2017).

Examining the Evolution of Practices

While organizational structure remains a consistent focus in my workplace, telecommuting has undergone significant evolution, particularly accelerated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Initially perceived as a challenge to workplace culture, telecommuting has proven beneficial for work-life balance and productivity. Career mapping has emerged as a valuable tool for employees to visualize and plan their career trajectories, reflecting ongoing organizational adaptation.

PSY FPX 6710 Assessment 1 I/O Scholar Practice Gap

Identifying the Scholar-Practitioner Gap

The scholar-practitioner gap poses challenges in addressing unconscious biases, such as those related to gender, culture, and uncertainty avoidance, within organizational practices. Awareness of these biases is crucial for promoting diversity and inclusivity in hiring and decision-making processes. Efforts to close these gaps, such as emphasizing diverse hires, are essential for fostering equitable workplaces.


Landy, F., & Conte, J. (2016). Work in the 21st century: An introduction to industrial and organizational psychology (5th ed.). Wiley.

Lundmark, R. A., & Tafvelin, S. (2022). Consequences of Managers’ Laissez-faire Leadership During Organizational Restructuring. Journal of Change Management, 22(1), 40–58.

Masuda, H. C., & Nicklin, J. M. (2017). Why the availability of telecommuting matters. Career Development International, 22(2), 200–219.

Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology. (2022). Top Ten Work Trends of 2022. Retrieved from

PSY FPX 6710 Assessment 1 I/O Scholar Practice Gap

Vinkenburg, C., Connolly, S., Fuchs, S., Herschberg, C., & Schels, B. (2020). Mapping career patterns in research: A sequence analysis of career histories of ERC applicants. PLoS One.

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