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PSY FPX 6720 Assessment 1 The Importance of Leader Values, Traits, and Context


Capella University

PSY FPX 6720 Psychology of Leadership

Prof. Name



Leadership plays a crucial role in the success of any organization, and there are three essential traits that effective leaders should possess: integrity, decisiveness, and enthusiasm. These traits are achievable through a focus on followership and the adoption of appropriate management styles such as affiliative leadership and adaptive leadership. Leaders who develop these traits and adapt their styles are more successful in influencing their teams towards achieving organizational goals.

The Importance of Leader Values, Traits, and Context

Effective leadership goes beyond titles; it requires specific traits that contribute to effectiveness. Traits such as integrity, decisiveness, and enthusiasm are vital for leadership success. Integrity involves drive and a desire to lead, decisiveness requires facing challenges with determination, and enthusiasm fuels goal pursuit. Personal experiences shape leaders, emphasizing the importance of continuous growth (Bennis & Thomas, 2002). For instance, a former colleague exemplified these traits by prioritizing customer experience and leading by example, reinforcing trust and fostering positive relationships.

Leadership significantly impacts team motivation and cohesion. Integrity, decisiveness, and enthusiasm are crucial elements of effective leadership (Hunt & Fedynich, 2019). Trust and confidence in leaders increase when these traits are evident, contributing to organizational success (Putra & Cho, 2019). Leaders influence organizational culture and team dynamics, highlighting the importance of their values and behaviors.

Choices that Reflect a Leader’s Values

Leadership styles, such as affiliative management, emphasize creating a harmonious work environment, enhancing team morale (Pinelli et al., 2018). Good followership complements effective leadership, promoting mutual trust and open communication (Chaleff, 2009). In a case study involving Howard Behar at Starbucks, leadership effectiveness diminished when traits deviated from followers’ expectations. Effective leadership involves understanding followers’ needs and maintaining trust (Preston et al., 2015).

Adaptive leadership, similar to affiliative management, focuses on relationships and collaborative solutions (Nelson & Squires, 2017). Recognizing and rewarding employee contributions, as observed in a previous workplace, fosters morale and teamwork (Heifetz et al., 2009). Effective leadership values and actions positively influence employee morale, motivation, and retention (Randall & Coakley, 2007).

PSY FPX 6720 Assessment 1 The Importance of Leader Values, Traits, and Context


Effective leadership is essential for organizational success, requiring leaders to develop traits like integrity, decisiveness, and enthusiasm. Through affiliative and adaptive leadership styles, leaders can foster positive relationships and influence their teams towards achieving common goals. Leadership is a continual learning process shaped by experiences, emphasizing the importance of ongoing growth and development.


Bennis, W. G., & Thomas, R. J. (2002). The crucibles of leadership. Harvard Business Review, 80(9), 39–45.

Chaleff, I. (2009). The courageous follower: Standing up to & for our leaders. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

Heifetz, R. A., Heifetz, R., Grashow, A., & Linsky, M. (2009). The practice of adaptive leadership: Tools and tactics for changing your organization and the world. Harvard Business Press.

Hunt, T., & Fedynich, L. (2019). Leadership: Past, Present, and Future: An Evolution of an Idea. Journal of Arts & Humanities, 8(2), 20-26.

Nelson, T., & Squires, V. (2017). Addressing Complex Challenges through Adaptive Leadership: A Promising Approach to Collaborative Problem Solving. Journal of Leadership Education, 16(4).

Preston, G., Moon, J., Simon, R., Allen, S., & Kossi, E. (2015). The Relevance of Emotional Intelligence in Project Leadership. Journal of IT and Economic Development, 6(1), 16-40.

Pinelli, N. R., Sease, J. M., Nola, K., Kyle J. K., Heldenbrand, S. D., Penzak, S. R., & Ginsburg, D. B. (2018). The Importance of Authentic Leadership to all Generations Represented within Academic Pharmacy. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 82(6), 637-640.

Putra, E. D., & Cho, S. (2019). Characteristics of small business leadership from employees’ perspective: A qualitative study. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 78, 36-46.

PSY FPX 6720 Assessment 1 The Importance of Leader Values, Traits, and Context

Randall, L. M., & Coakley, L. A. (2007). Applying adaptive leadership to successful change initiatives in academia. Leadership & Organization Development Journal.

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