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PSY FPX 7411 Assessment 5 Learning Theory in Psychology

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Capella University

PSY FPX 7411 Learning Theories in Psychology

Prof. Name

Date

Abstract

The brain acts as a natural learning organ, inherently motivated and inclined towards solving problems, acquiring skills, and recognizing patterns (Brain-Based Learning, n.d.). Every person has a distinctive learning style, which mirrors their attitudes and behaviors. Various learning theories assist educators and individuals in comprehending these styles, thereby pinpointing strengths and weaknesses. This paper employs learning theory concepts to clarify a personal learning experience, examines the role of motivation, and identifies specific components related to the learning situation.

Learning Styles and Theory

Learning begins when individuals link new information with prior experiences or knowledge. Neurons in the brain develop dendrites, similar to branch-like fibers, representing an individual’s understanding or memory of a concept. As new skills or concepts are learned, new neural networks form. Despite inevitable mistakes, practice enhances skills, turning errors into learning opportunities. Emotions play a significant role in the learning process, with negativity potentially hindering information retention. The learning process includes stages such as motivation, initial practice, skill refinement, and mastery (Brain-Based Learning, n.d.). Notably, individuals display diverse learning styles, such as visual, auditory, and kinesthetic preferences (Willingham, Hughes, & Dobolyi, 2015).

Multiple Intelligence Theory

Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory broadens traditional views of intelligence by identifying eight distinct modalities, including visual, linguistic-verbal, logical-mathematical, kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalistic (Cherry, 2019). This framework encourages educators to tailor teaching methods to accommodate diverse learning styles. By presenting information in various formats, educators support students with differing abilities in expressing themselves effectively (Edutopia, 2016).

Personal Learning Situation

Reflecting on a past experience within mental health services, the author recounts mastering a new client database system, Synaps. Despite initial challenges due to auditory learning difficulties, hands-on practice facilitated comprehension and proficiency. This anecdote underscores the effectiveness of tailored learning approaches for kinesthetic learners like the author.

Motivation in Learning

Motivation significantly impacts behavior and learning outcomes. Intrinsic motivation arises from internal desires, while extrinsic motivation is driven by external incentives (Theories in Motivation, 2011). Educators play a crucial role in fostering motivation by providing positive reinforcement and actively engaging students. Various motivational theories, including Attribution Theory, Goal Theory, and Self-Determination Theory, highlight the complex relationship between motivation and learning outcomes.

Evaluation of Case Study

Jack’s case illustrates the application of motivational theories in educational settings. His desire to excel in sports for social acceptance reflects intrinsic motivation, aligning with Goal Theory and Self-Determination Theory principles. Understanding Jack’s kinesthetic learning preferences helps in designing interventions that support his academic and social development.

Components of Learning Situation

An individual’s attitude includes affective, behavioral, and cognitive components, all of which influence their learning journey (McLeod, 2018). Jack’s case demonstrates the interaction of these components, emphasizing the importance of addressing emotional and behavioral factors in educational contexts.

PSY FPX 7411 Assessment 5 Learning Theory in Psychology

Conclusion

Learning is a complex process influenced by individual differences and motivational factors. By recognizing diverse learning styles and applying relevant theories, educators can enhance learning outcomes and foster student success.

References

Brain-Based Learning. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://media.capella.edu/CourseMedia/ED7312/media_brain/ed7312u02_ts.html

Cherry, K. (2019). Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences. Retrieved from https://www.verywellmind.com/gardners-theory-of-multiple-intelligences-2795161

Edutopia. (2016). Multiple intelligences: What does research say? Retrieved from https://www.edutopia.org/multiple-intelligences-research

McLeod, S. A. (2018). Attitudes and behavior. Simply Psychology. https://www.simplypsychology.org/attitudes.html

Theories of Motivation. (2011). Innovative Learning. Retrieved from https://innovativelearning.com/educational_psychology/motivation/index.htm

Three Theories of Motivation. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://media.capella.edu/coursemedia/ed7700/3motivation/3Motivation_ts.html

PSY FPX 7411 Assessment 5 Learning Theory in Psychology

Willingham, D. T., Hughes, E. M., & Dobolyi, D. G. (2015). The scientific status of learning styles theories. Teaching of Psychology, 42(3), 266-271.

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