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PSY FPX 7421 Assessment 2 Memory, Knowledge & Language


Capella University

PSY FPX 7421 Cognitive/Affective Psychology

Prof. Name


Introduction to Memory

Memory, a fundamental cognitive process, involves encoding, storing, and retrieving information about past events or ideas. It plays a crucial role in recalling experiences and shaping behaviors based on past occurrences.

Types of Memory

Type of Memory
Sensory MemoryBriefly stores sensory information and influences responses based on past experiences. For instance, recognizing gum by taste alerts us not to swallow it.
Short-term MemoryTemporarily stores information after an event or sensory input. For example, recounting a day at the waterpark to parents, which may fade quickly.
Long-term MemoryCreates lasting impressions from significant events, persisting even as minor details fade. Remembering childhood camping trips exemplifies long-term memory.

Introduction to Knowledge

Knowledge encompasses the acquisition and application of new information in daily life, involving understanding, processing, and utilizing learned information.

Introduction to Language

Language acquisition involves learning and understanding words for everyday use, extending to fluency and comprehension of its nuances and origins, influenced by cultural and individual variations.

Theoretical Background

Various theories, such as the Multi-Store Model and level of processing theory, explain memory comprehension and processing. Epistemology, including Immanuel Kant’s perspectives, explores how humans acquire and apply knowledge. The cognitive language acquisition theory suggests that humans develop language abilities through environmental interaction.

Cultural and Ethical Aspects

Cultural influences may shape memory formation and interpretation, while ethical considerations in memory and knowledge involve respecting confidentiality and maintaining competence.

PSY FPX 7421 Assessment 2 Memory, Knowledge & Language


Memory serves purposes such as understanding past experiences and supporting cognitive abilities. Applying knowledge is essential for personal growth, while understanding language preferences is crucial for effective communication.


Memory, knowledge, and language are essential components of human cognition, influencing our understanding of the world and guiding behaviors. Recognizing their significance enhances our ability to support others effectively.


American Psychological Association. (2017). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. Retrieved from

Baddeley, A., Eysenck, M. W., & Anderson, M. C. (2014). Memory. Psychology Press.

Camina, E., & Güell, F. (2017). The Neuroanatomical, Neurophysiological and Psychological Basis of Memory: Current Models and Their Origins. Frontiers in pharmacology, 8, 438.

Slavin, R. E. (2012). Educational psychology: Theory and practice (10th ed.). Pearson.

Sternberg, R. J., & Sternberg, K. (2012). Cognitive psychology (6th ed.). Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

PSY FPX 7421 Assessment 2 Memory, Knowledge & Language

Talarico, J. M., & Rubin, D. C. (2003). Confidence, not consistency, characterizes flashbulb memories. Psychological Science, 14(5), 455–461.

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