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PSY FPX 7610 Assessment 3 Evaluation of Test Materials


Capella University

PSY FPX 7610 Tests and Measurements

Prof. Name



Personality assessments serve as crucial instruments for athletes and coaches to augment self-awareness and refine conduct, thereby enhancing performance. Within the realm of standardized personality tests lie the 16 Personality Factors (16PF), the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), and the NEO Personality Inventory. These assessments operate on different levels: the MMPI focuses on personality traits and psychopathology, the NEO measures emotional and motivational styles based on the five-factor model, and the 16PF evaluates sixteen personality traits predicting behavior across diverse situations (Reardon & Factor, 2010).

Furthermore, these tests offer advantages in identifying psychological issues among athletes, especially depression and anxiety. “Normal state anxiety,” a common occurrence among athletes, arises before competitions without impacting daily life, whereas major depressive disorder can result in disinterest in previously enjoyable activities (Reardon & Factor, 2010). Regular utilization of personality assessments can help mitigate the risk of athletes succumbing to psychological disorders.

Evaluation of Test Materials, Costs, and Administration Times
Materials Required
Administration Time


Test booklets, answer sheets, pencils (manual or computer-based)

$100 (administering)

35–50 mins (paper), 25–35 mins (computer)

NEO Personality Inventory

Test booklets, answer sheets, scoring keys, profile forms

$55 (complete kit), $195 (computer version)

30–40 mins (test), 15 mins (scoring)


Test booklets, answer sheets, profile forms, scoring keys

$535.25 (Adolescent Restricted Form kit)

60–90 mins

The MMPI, extensively used in psychological assessments, holds particular relevance in collegiate counseling centers. It assesses both adult and adolescent populations, aiding in identifying prevalent psychological issues among athletes (Salkind, 2007).

Evaluation of Scoring Procedures and Interpretation Guidelines

The NEO Personality Inventory employs a Five Factor Model, assessing traits on a 1 to 5 scale. Scoring involves comparing responses with population norms, offering insights into personality domains and stability levels. Similarly, the MMPI’s booklet-style answer sheet allows for hand-scoring, providing insights into various scales, including energy levels and emotional functioning (Rosellini & Brown, 2011).

Evaluation of Test Technology

While computerized scoring for the 16PF may yield inconclusive results, trained professionals ensure accurate interpretation by integrating multiple data sources. Likewise, the MMPI-2 utilizes specialized software for scoring, underscoring the necessity of trained psychologists in result interpretation (16PF Interpretation Report; How to Score the MMPI-2).


Regular implementation of personality assessments throughout the sports season aids in monitoring athletes’ mental well-being and comprehending their evolving attitudes and behaviors. Familiarity with assessment processes and benefits enhances their integration into coaching practices, fostering a supportive environment for athlete welfare.


16PF sixth edition interpretive report. (n.d.).

Botwin, M., & Juni, S. (1995). Revised NEO Personality Inventory. The Twelfth Mental Measurements Yearbook.

Carrington-Rotto, P., & McLellan, M. J. (1995). Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire, Fifth Edition. The Twelfth Mental Measurements Yearbook.

PSY FPX 7610 Assessment 3 Evaluation of Test Materials

Floyd, A. E. (2023, April 24). Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. StatPearls – NCBI Bookshelf.

Hess, A. K., & Widiger, T. A. (1992). NEO Personality Inventory. The Eleventh Mental Measurements Yearbook.

How to Score the MMPI-2. (2023, May 15). SportsRec.

NEO Personality Inventory-3 | NEO-PI-3. (n.d.).

Psych Press. (n.d.-b). NEO PI-R | Psych Press.

Reardon, C. L., & Factor, R. M. (2010). Sport psychiatry: A Systematic Review of Diagnosis and Medical Treatment of Mental Illness in Athletes. Sports Medicine, 40(11), 961-980.

Rosellini AJ, Brown TA. The NEO Five-Factor Inventory: latent structure and relationships with dimensions of anxiety and depressive disorders in a large clinical sample. Assessment. 2011 Mar;18(1):27-38. doi: 10.1177/1073191110382848. Epub 2010 Sep 29. PMID: 20881102; PMCID: PMC5639474.

Salkind, N. J. (Ed.) (2007). . (Vols. 1-0). Sage Publications, Inc.,

PSY FPX 7610 Assessment 3 Evaluation of Test Materials

Stein, S. (2021). Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory–Adolescent–Restructured Form. The Twenty-First Mental Measurements Yearbook.

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