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PSY FPX 8840 Assessment 1 Theoretical Framework Essay

Name

Capella University

PSY FPX 8840 Principles of Sport Psychology

Prof. Name

Date

Exploring the Theoretical Framework in Sport Psychology

Sport psychology aims to enhance athletic performance and enrich human experiences through sports and exercise. Instead of solely focusing on performance improvement, sport psychologists view sports as opportunities for personal growth. Practitioners build unique frameworks for their work and therapy by drawing from various theories, including social cognitive theory and information processing theory.

Social Cognitive Theory

Social cognitive theory emphasizes the social nature of learning, highlighting reciprocal interactions among individuals, their environment, and behavior. Learning processes are shaped by both internal and external social influences, alongside past experiences. Athletes engage in reciprocal interactions with their behaviors and environments, impacting their skill acquisition and performance. Furthermore, an athlete’s attributional style, influenced by social cognitive factors, can affect their perception of control and stability in performance.

Aspect
Description
FocusReciprocal interactions among individuals, environment, and behavior
InfluencesInternal and external social influences, past experiences
Impact on AthletesAffects skill acquisition, performance, and perception of control and stability
Information Processing Theory

Information processing theory contrasts with mere stimulus-response associations, emphasizing internal cognitive processes. It outlines memory systems—sensory, working, and long-term memory—that govern how individuals perceive, process, and retain information. Motivation, whether intrinsic or extrinsic, influences memory encoding and retention, thereby shaping learning outcomes.

Aspect
Description
FocusInternal cognitive processes
Memory SystemsSensory, working, and long-term memory
Impact on LearningMotivation influences memory encoding and retention, shaping learning outcomes
Application and Case Study

Observing the application of social cognitive theory in collegiate cheerleading, a teammate’s academic struggles impacting her team participation were addressed. Initially attributing her challenges to external factors, such as class timing, she shifted her perspective upon witnessing similar environmental demands. This realization, combined with intrinsic motivation and team support, facilitated academic improvement and subsequently enhanced cheerleading performance.

Context
Description
ScenarioCollegiate cheerleading, academic struggles
Initial AttributionExternal factors, such as class timing
Shift in PerspectiveRealization of similar environmental demands, intrinsic motivation, team support
OutcomeAcademic improvement and enhanced cheerleading performance

PSY FPX 8840 Assessment 1 Theoretical Framework Essay

References

American Psychological Association. (n.d.). APA division 47: Society for sport, exercise and performance psychology. Retrieved from http://www.apadivisions.org/division47/index.aspx

Anshel, M. H. (2012). Sport psychology: From theory to practice (5th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Pearson Benjamin Cummings.

Gamber, V., Hanson, K., Amdur, D., & Baumgartner, C. (n.d.). Interactive memory model. Retrieved from http://media.capella.edu/CourseMedia/PSY7421/media_memory/memory_wrapper.asp

Gillet, N., Vallerand, R. J., Amoura, S., & Baldes, B. (2010). Influence of coaches’ autonomy support on athletes’ motivation and sport performance: A test of the hierarchical model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 11(2), 155–161. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2009.10.004

LaMorte, W. (2018). The social cognitive theory. Retrieved from http://sphweb.bumc.bu.edu/otlt/MPHModules/SB/BehavioralChangeTheories/BehavioralChangeTheories5.html

Pappas, C. (2014). Instructional design models and theories: Information processing theory. Retrieved from https://elearningindustry.com/information-processing-theory

Rotter, J. B. (1966). Rotter’s internal-external control scale. PsycTESTS.

PSY FPX 8840 Assessment 1 Theoretical Framework Essay

Schunk, D. H. (2016). Learning theories: An educational perspective (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.

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