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PSY FPX 8840 Assessment 2 Why Use Psychological Assessments In Coaching

Name

Capella University

PSY FPX 8840 Principles of Sport Psychology

Prof. Name

Date

Exploring the Role of Psychological Testing in Sports Performance Enhancement

Greetings and thank you for the opportunity to speak at your convention. I appreciate this chance to discuss the critical role of psychological testing in sports. Traditionally, psychological testing is seen as a tool to predict an individual’s suitability for a sport or their skill level. However, I aim to shift our focus to its application in areas like anxiety management, visualization, self-confidence, goal setting, and concentration.

Imagine a scenario during a pivotal moment in a women’s soccer match: Tatiana, the star player, gets injured, resulting in a penalty kick opportunity for a newcomer, Joan. Despite encouragement from her teammates and coach, Joan, overwhelmed by pressure, misses the penalty kick, leading to the team’s defeat. This incident highlights that Joan’s performance was not due to a lack of physical ability but rather high anxiety and a lack of coping strategies.

A study by Leffingwell, Durand-Bush, Wurzberger, and Cada (2005) found that coaches in team sports attributed at least 50% of performance to mental factors, while individual sport coaches attributed 80-90% to these factors. This underscores the crucial role of psychological aspects in sports, as seen in the minute differences that separate Olympic medalists from others.

Despite the importance of psychological preparedness, coaches and athletes often spend minimal time on it due to reasons such as lack of knowledge, misconceptions about psychological skills, and time constraints. However, ignoring psychological testing and skill development can harm performance, as shown by mental lapses during crucial moments.

PSY FPX 8840 Assessment 2 Why Use Psychological Assessments In Coaching

To tackle these issues, it’s essential to use psychological testing to identify athletes’ strengths and weaknesses, creating customized training plans that address both physical and mental aspects. Objective assessments like the Test of Attentional and Interpersonal Style and the Sport Anxiety Scale provide valuable insights for both coaches and athletes.

One effective intervention from psychological assessment is performance profiling, where athletes self-identify improvement areas by comparing themselves with elite performers. This collaborative approach between sport psychologists and coaches aids in goal-setting, performance monitoring, and motivation, thus boosting overall athletic performance.

In conclusion, while there are ethical considerations around psychological testing, its careful application helps coaches anticipate athletes’ responses under pressure, enhancing success for individuals and teams.

References

Albrecht, R. R., & Feltz, D. L. (1987). Generality and specificity of attention related to competitive anxiety and sport performance. Journal of Sport Psychology, 9(3), 241-248.

Leffingwell, T., Durand-Bush, N., Wurzberger, D., & Cada, P. (2005). Psychological assessment. In J. Taylor & G. Wilson (Eds.), Applying sport psychology: Four perspectives (pp. 85-100). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

McAuley, E. (1985). Modeling and self-efficacy: A test of Bandura’s model. Journal of Sport Psychology, 7(4), 283-295.

Nideffer, R. M., Segal, M. S., Lowry, M., & Bond, J. (2001). Identifying and developing world-class performers. In G. Tenenbaum (Ed.), Reflections and experiences in sport and exercise psychology (pp. 129-144). Morgantown, WV: Fitness Information Technology.

Smith, R. E., Smoll, F. L., & Schutz, R. W. (1990). Measurement and correlates of sport-specific cognitive and somatic trait anxiety: The Sport Anxiety Scale. Anxiety Research, 2(4), 263-280.

Taylor, J. (1995). A conceptual model for integrating athletes’ needs and sport demands in the development of competitive mental preparation strategies. The Sport Psychologist, 9(4), 339-357.

Thomas, P. R., Murphy, S. M., & Hardy, L. (1999). Test of performance strategies: Development and preliminary validation of a comprehensive measure of athletes’ psychological skills. Journal of Sport Sciences, 17(9), 697-711.

Vealey, R. (1986). Conceptualization of sport-confidence and competitive orientation: Preliminary investigation and instrument development. Journal of Sport Psychology, 8(3), 221-246.

PSY FPX 8840 Assessment 2 Why Use Psychological Assessments In Coaching

Weston, N., Greenlees, I., & Thelwell, R. (2011). Athlete perceptions of the impacts of performance profiling. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 9(3), 173-188.

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