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PSY FPX 8845 Assessment 2 Diversity Case Study


Capella University

PSY FPX 8845 Current Issues in Sport Psychology

Prof. Name


Multicultural Diversity in Sports Psychology

The topics of diversity and multiculturalism in sports psychology have become increasingly prominent within the athletic domain. Factors such as nationality, race, and gender significantly shape the training and techniques that athletes experience from a young age through to elite levels (Naori et al., 2008). Some cultures place a higher emphasis on mental training than others, leading to varying levels of interest and engagement among athletes. This paper examines the impact of diversity and multiculturalism on mental health and training among athletes in sports psychology, considering race, gender, and ethnicity. Additionally, it explores current techniques and how coaches and players can apply these methods across different ethnic and cultural backgrounds in any sport.

Gender Equality in Sport: Is it Fair? Training Opportunities Among Genders

Historically, athletics have been perceived as a domain predominantly dominated by white, Caucasian male athletes. Women have faced significant legal and civil rights barriers to participation in sports. However, this dynamic is changing. Today, women make up nearly 48% of participants in professional sports but receive only 4% of media coverage, reflecting a persistent perception of male dominance (Ohio University, 2019). This perception extends to sports psychology, raising questions about gender equality in athletic treatment. Research shows a notable pay gap between male and female athletes, with males earning 78% more than their female counterparts. Additionally, female athletes receive fewer financial resources and support in collegiate athletics despite performing at comparable levels (Lent, 2003). There is also a disparity in the adoption of mental training techniques, with male-dominated sports showing less enthusiasm for such practices (Schaal et al., 2011). Conversely, female athletes are more receptive to mental training, yielding more significant results (Davis & Turner, 2019).

Application of Gender Equality

Implementing research on gender equality suggests adopting a holistic approach to coaching that transcends gender biases. Drawing from over 25 years of coaching experience with diverse genders and ethnicities, it is crucial to leverage guided research to enhance athletes’ skills both mentally and physically. Mental training techniques can significantly improve athletes’ readiness for competition and life beyond the field. Encouraging open dialogue with players and parents about coaching philosophies fosters mutual understanding and respect, regardless of ethnicity, gender, or status. Upholding equity in treatment and embracing diverse perspectives not only enhances athletic performance but also fosters personal growth among players.

Multicultural Diversity Professional Development

Continuous professional development is essential in the evolving field of sports psychology, especially regarding multicultural diversity. Engaging in ethnically diverse environments, such as inner-city athletic programs, provides valuable insights into the experiences of minority athletes. Voluntary research initiatives can further explore gender disparities in the acceptance of mental skills training. Additionally, pursuing advanced graduate-level courses in multicultural diversity equips professionals with the analytical tools to address emerging trends and implement inclusive strategies effectively.


In conclusion, gender equality and mental skills training are pivotal discussions in sports psychology, with significant implications for global sporting events like the World Cup and the Olympics. While skepticism towards psychology in sports remains, embracing diverse perspectives promises a more inclusive and positive sports environment. By adopting evidence-based practices and fostering open dialogue, sports psychologists can empower athletes to reach their full potential, irrespective of gender or cultural background.

PSY FPX 8845 Assessment 2 Diversity Case Study


Carter, L., & Prewitt, T. (2014). Seeing, being, and doing: Addressing multicultural competency in applied sports psychology. Athletic Insight, 6(3), 221-232.

Davis, H., & Turner, M. J. (2019). The use of rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) to increase the self-determined motivation and psychological well-being of triathletes. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology.

Lent, R. (2003). Sports psychology and counseling psychology: Players in the same ballpark? The Counseling Psychologist, 21(3), 430-435.

Naori, A., Watson, J., Deaner, H., & Sato, M. (2008). Multicultural issues in sport psychology and consultation. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 9(2), 110-125.

Ohio University. (2019). The evolution of women’s sports. Retrieved from

Online Psychology Degrees. (2020). Is sports psychology a growing field? Retrieved from

PSY FPX 8845 Assessment 2 Diversity Case Study

Schaal, K., Tafflet, M., Nassif, H., Thibault, V., Pichard, C., Alcotte, M., Guillet, T., El Helou, N., Berthelot, G., Simon, S., & Toussaint, J. F. (2011). Psychological balance in high-level athletes: gender-based differences and sport-specific patterns. PloS one, 6(5).

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