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PSYC FPX 2700 Assessment 3 Child Development Theory

Name

Capella University

PSYC FPX 2700 Child Development

Prof. Name

Date

Target Audience

This presentation is designed for the Child Development course at Capella University, specifically for students and faculty in the Psychology department.

John Bowlby’s Attachment Theory

John Bowlby’s Attachment Theory describes the relationship between a child and their caregiver, emphasizing the behaviors children exhibit when separated from their caregivers. The theory outlines distinct phases of attachment, characterized by specific age-related developmental traits. Extensive research has examined and supported this theory (Feldman, 2021).

Bowlby’s theory outlines the following phases of attachment:

  • 0-6 weeks: Innate signals for comfort.
  • 6 weeks to 4 months: Differentiation between familiar and unfamiliar faces.
  • 4 months to 2 years: Distress upon caregiver separation.
  • 2 years and older: Seeking secure attachment from caregivers, understanding separation, and engaging with peers (Feldman, 2021).
Physical Aspect of Two-Year-Old Child Development

The physical development of a two-year-old includes:

  • Gross motor skills.
  • Brain development.
  • Free play and mobility.
  • Toilet training

  • Autonomy (Feldman, 2021).

Social Aspect of Two-Year-Old Child Development

The social development of a two-year-old encompasses:

  • Recognition of intangible qualities in others.
  • Interaction with peers.
  • Use of emotional cues.
  • Compliance and self-regulation.
  • Access to emotional support (Feldman, 2021).
Cognitive Aspect of Two-Year-Old Child Development

The cognitive development of a two-year-old involves:

  • Problem-solving skills.
  • Formation of mental representations.
  • Persistence in object manipulation.
  • Imitation abilities.
  • Association of words with objects or images (Feldman, 2021).
Jeremy’s Attachment to Toys & Caregivers

Jeremy’s attachment to his toy illustrates Bowlby’s concept of multiple attachments, extending beyond primary caregivers. This attachment signifies a strong emotional bond, providing comfort. Moreover, Jeremy demonstrates secure attachments with both his mother and father.

Jeremy’s Development Markers

Jeremy’s developmental milestones show a typical pursuit of independence for his age. However, his delay in toilet training is noteworthy as it deviates from expected developmental patterns.

PSYC FPX 2700 Assessment 3 Child Development Theory

References

Feldman, R. S. (2021). Child Development (9th ed.). Pearson Education (US). https://capella.vitalsource.com/books/9780136966999

Hooper, L. M., Tomek, S., & Newman, C. R. (2012). Using attachment theory in medical settings: Implications for primary care physicians. Journal of Mental Health, 21(1), 23–37. https://doi.org/10.3109/09638237.2011.613955

Lindon, J. (2012). What does it mean to be two? Revised: What every practitioner needs to understand about the development of two-year-olds. Andrews UK Ltd. http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/capella/detail.action?docID=1177299

Lyons-Ruth, K. (1996). Attachment relationships among children with aggressive behavior problems: The role of disorganized early attachment patterns. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64, 64–73. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.64.1.64

Schaffer, H. R., & Emerson, P. E. (1964). The Development of Social Attachments in Infancy. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 29(3), 1–77. https://doi.org/10.2307/1165727

PSYC FPX 2700 Assessment 3 Child Development Theory

van der Horst, F. C. P., & van der Veer, R. (2008). Loneliness in Infancy: Harry Harlow, John Bowlby and Issues of Separation. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 42(4), 325–335. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12124-008-9071

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