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PSYC FPX 2800 Assessment 1 Foundations of Human Sexuality


Capella University

PSYC FPX 2800 Introduction to Human Sexuality

Prof. Name


Foundations of Human Sexuality

Various perspectives exist regarding gender identity theories, with some emphasizing biological factors while others incorporate societal and environmental influences. Gender identity is a complex construct shaped by biology, society, environment, rituals, and expected behaviors. Therefore, understanding gender identity formation requires integrating multiple theories to promote healthy attitudes towards gender and self-definition.

One prominent cognitive theory of early gender development was proposed by Lawrence Kohlberg in 1966. Kohlberg’s stage theory suggests that children progress through stages of gender understanding, beginning with recognizing their own gender and later comprehending gender stability and constancy. Gender identity, gender stability, and gender constancy represent successive stages in the cognitive development of gender awareness (OpenLearn, 2016).

In contrast, the biological perspective posits that gender is primarily determined by biological factors such as hormones and chromosomes. This view suggests that there is no distinction between sex and gender, as gender behaviors are seen as products of biological sex (McLeod, 2016).

PSYC FPX 2800 Assessment 1 Foundations of Human Sexuality

My daughter Mariah’s gender development aligns closely with Kohlberg’s cognitive theory. By the age of two, she recognized her own gender and understood the genders of others. By four, she grasped the permanence of gender based on anatomical differences, and by eight, she understood that gender goes beyond outward appearances.

Alternatively, Mariah’s gender identity development could be explained by the biological approach. Her early display of nurturing behaviors aligns with the idea that gender roles are influenced by inherited instincts, as proposed by evolutionary biology (McLeod, 2016).

In conclusion, both cognitive and biological theories offer valuable insights into gender identity formation. A comprehensive understanding of this process requires considering factors such as self-awareness, societal influences, and evolutionary instincts.


Cognition and gender development. (2016). OpenLearn. Retrieved from

PSYC FPX 2800 Assessment 1 Foundations of Human Sexuality

McLeod, S. (2016). Biological Theories of Gender | Simply Psychology. Retrieved from

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