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PSYC FPX 2900 Assessment 3 Personality Test

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Capella University

PSYC FPX 2900 Introduction to Psychology of Personality

Prof. Name

Date

Personality Test

Personality traits are defined as consistent patterns of feeling, behaving, and thinking (Soto, 2015). They play a crucial role in human functioning and psychopathology (Baranczuk, 2019). Soto (2015) outlines two key principles in understanding personality traits: the cumulative principle, which suggests that traits stabilize over time, and the maturity principle, which indicates an overall increase in agreeableness, conscientiousness, and emotional stability with age.

Eysenck’s Hierarchical model identifies three primary traits: Psychoticism, Extroversion, and Neuroticism, which may be either inherited or developed through repeated actions (Larsen & Buss, 2018). Personality in adulthood is a blend of hierarchical traits and the Big Five factors, while youth and adolescence are characterized by the Little Six factors and four major trait dimensions (Soto, 2015).

Ways to Gather Data

Data on personality can be collected from various sources: self-reports, observer reports, laboratory tests, and life history outcomes (Larsen & Buss, 2018). Several tests are available for personality assessment, such as the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, Birkman Method, and Hogan Personality Inventory. It is crucial to assess validity and reliability when administering these tests, where validity refers to how accurately a test measures what it claims to measure, and reliability indicates the consistency of results (Larsen & Buss, 2018).

PSYC FPX 2900 Assessment 3 Personality Test

Results

In this study, I underwent both the SAPA-Project test and the IPIP-NEO test based on the five-factor model to compare their validity and reliability. Despite similar testing experiences, the results demonstrated consistency between the two assessments. My results indicated low extraversion, average agreeableness, low conscientiousness, high neuroticism, and low openness.

Upon examining the outcomes, I found both tests to provide accurate reflections of my personality. However, I perceive the SAPA-Project test as demonstrating reliability, while the IPIP-NEO test displayed validity. Considering Eysenck’s notion that repeated actions can shape habits, I am inclined to address my low conscientiousness. Although personality may undergo changes over time, significant alterations are improbable.

References

Baranczuk, U. (2019). The Five-Factor Model of Personality and Emotion Regulation: A Meta-analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 217-227. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2018.11.025

Larsen, R., & Buss, D. (2018). Personality Psychology: Domains of Knowledge about Human Nature (6th ed.). McGraw-Hill.

PSYC FPX 2900 Assessment 3 Personality Test

Soto, C. J. (2015). Personality Traits in Childhood and Adolescence: Structure, Development, and Outcomes. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 24(5), 358-362. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721415589345

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