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PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 1 Cognitive-Behavioral Perspective – An Analysis


Capella University

PSYC FPX 3110 Abnormal Psychology

Prof. Name


Cognitive-Behavioral Perspective in Psychology

The cognitive-behavioral perspective in psychology focuses on the examination of mental processes that influence behavior. It investigates the brain’s activity underlying specific behaviors. Dr. Saul McLeod (1970) emphasized that understanding the mental processes occurring in individuals’ minds is crucial for comprehending human behavior. This paper aims to explore the mental processes potentially contributing to abnormal aggressive behavior.

The Evolution of Cognitive-Behavioral Theory

The cognitive-behavioral theory rose to prominence in the 1960s with the advent of the cognitive therapy movement. The origins of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) are diverse due to varying approaches and debates about appropriate techniques (Nurius & Macy, 2008). Since its inception, CBT has been significantly refined, becoming a cornerstone in therapeutic practices (Nurius & Macy, 2008). Grounded in the cognitive-behavioral perspective, this theory posits that brain functions have a substantial impact on individual behavior, effectively bridging cognitive psychology with behavioral outcomes.

Researchers have made considerable progress in understanding how brain functions influence behavior. Albert Bandura, a key figure in the cognitive-behavioral perspective, highlighted the role of cognitive processes in learning (Hooley et al., 2021). Bandura proposed that individuals learn through internal reinforcements and can foresee the consequences of their actions (Hooley et al., 2021). He also stressed the importance of enhancing self-efficacy as a central mechanism in cognitive-behavioral therapies (Hooley et al., 2021).

Cognitive-Behavioral Approach to Anxiety

Anxiety, characterized by excessive worry and apprehension, is a prevalent public health concern (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2016). Despite its widespread impact, many individuals with anxiety do not receive treatment (Zhang et al., 2019). Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the most researched and effective psychosocial intervention for anxiety disorders (Zhang et al., 2019). Rooted in the belief that negative thinking patterns contribute to anxiety, CBT aims to identify and correct maladaptive cognitive patterns (Kaczkurkin & Foa, 2015). By altering cognitive patterns, CBT facilitates a shift from negative emotions to positive responses.

Sociocultural View of Anxiety

An individual’s upbringing and societal context significantly influence their experience of anxiety. Research indicates that anxiety is a universal phenomenon, though its expression varies across cultures (Eshun et al., 2009). Societal norms and cultural values shape individuals’ interpretations of experiences and their subsequent emotional responses (Hofmann et al., 2010). Understanding ethnopsychological factors is essential in linking anxiety disorders to their societal roots.

Integrating Multiple Theories to Understand Abnormal Behavior

Abnormal behavior often defies simplistic explanations, necessitating a multidimensional approach. In addition to the cognitive-behavioral theory, various theoretical frameworks such as psychoanalysis, humanistic theory, and biological perspectives offer unique insights into abnormal behavior. Integrating diverse theories facilitates a comprehensive understanding, although overly complex approaches may hinder effective treatment.


Cognitive processes intricately shape human behavior, offering avenues for intervention in addressing abnormal behavior. Cognitive-behavioral therapy, grounded in understanding the interplay between cognition and behavior, serves as a potent tool in treating various mental health disorders, particularly anxiety. By challenging maladaptive cognitive patterns, individuals can cultivate resilience and develop positive responses to life’s challenges.

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 1 Cognitive-Behavioral Perspective – An Analysis


Carpenter, J. K., Andrews, L. A., Witcraft, S. M., Powers, M. B., Smits, J. A. J., & Hofmann, S. G. (2018). Cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety and related disorders: A meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials. Depression and Anxiety, 35(6), 502–514.

Cuijpers, P., Berking, M., Andersson, G., Quigley, L., Kleiboer, A., & Dobson, K. S. (2013). A meta-analysis of cognitive-behavioural therapy for adult depression, alone and in comparison with other treatments. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 58(7), 376-385.

Eshun, S., Gurung, R. A. R., & Gurung, B. V. (Eds.). (2009). Culture and mental health: Sociocultural influences, theory, and practice. John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated.

Hofmann, S. G., Asnaani, M. A., & Hinton, D. E. (2010). Cultural aspects in social anxiety and social anxiety disorder. Depression and Anxiety, 27(12), 1117–1127.

Kaczkurkin, A. N., & Foa, E. B. (2015, September). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for anxiety disorders: An update on the empirical evidence. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience

Watts, S. E., Turnell, A., Kladnitski, N., Newby, J. M., & Andrews, G. (2015). Treatment-as-usual (TAU) is anything but usual: A meta-analysis of CBT versus TAU for anxiety and depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 175, 152–167.

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 1 Cognitive-Behavioral Perspective – An Analysis

Zhang, A., Bornheimer, L. A., Weaver, A., Franklin, C., Hai, A. H., Guz, S., & Shen, L. (2019). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for primary care depression and anxiety: A secondary meta-analytic review using robust variance estimation in meta-regression. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 42(6), 1117–1141.

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