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PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 3 Living Criteria of the DSM

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Capella University

PSYC FPX 3110 Abnormal Psychology

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Date

Living Criteria of Bipolar Disorder in the DSM-5

Bipolar disorder, a multifaceted mood disorder marked by alternating episodes of mania and depression, is categorized within the DSM-5 by the American Psychiatric Association (APA, 2013). McIntyre and Calabrese (2019) delineate bipolar disorder as encompassing a spectrum of mood fluctuations, comprising manic, depressive, and hypomanic episodes. It is classified into two main types: bipolar I disorder, distinguished by severe manic episodes often accompanied by psychotic features, and bipolar II disorder, characterized by at least one hypomanic episode and recurrent depressive episodes (APA, 2013).

Diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder

The diagnosis of bipolar disorder hinges on distinguishing manic or hypomanic episodes from other mood disorders, such as Major Depressive Disorder (APA, 2013). Manic episodes typically endure for weeks to months, while hypomanic episodes are briefer, lasting only a few days to weeks and are indicative of bipolar II disorder. Although depression is a hallmark of bipolar II disorder, it is also present in bipolar I disorder (McCormick et al., 2015). Differential diagnosis often involves the utilization of screening tools followed by clinical interviews to evaluate symptomatology, functional impairment, and family history (McCormick et al., 2015).

Effects of Bipolar Disorder on Mariah Carey’s Career

Mariah Carey, a celebrated vocalist, disclosed her battle with bipolar II disorder in 2001, citing apprehension of stigma as a hindrance to seeking assistance (Cagle, 2018). Despite her talent and triumphs, bipolar disorder impacted Carey’s career through symptoms like sleep disturbances, irritability, and despondency, leading to challenges in completing tasks and strained interpersonal relationships (Cagle, 2018).

Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

Treatment modalities for bipolar disorder encompass pharmacotherapy, psychosocial interventions, and support from familial and social networks. Pharmacotherapy entails mood stabilizers such as Sodium valproate and lamotrigine to manage symptoms and avert relapse (Vieta et al., 2018). Psychosocial interventions, comprising psychotherapy and group therapy, furnish education and support to patients, aiding in medication adherence and symptom management (Vieta et al., 2018). Family and social support play a pivotal role in fostering stability and recovery for individuals with bipolar disorder.

Professional Considerations in Bipolar Disorder Diagnosis and Treatment

Comprehending the intricacies of bipolar disorder and its differential diagnosis is crucial for mental health professionals. Misdiagnosis can result in inappropriate treatment and exacerbation of symptoms (Hooley, Butcher, & Nock, 2019). Integration of diverse therapeutic modalities, including cognitive-behavioral and psychopharmacological interventions, tailored to individual needs is imperative for favorable outcomes (Hooley, Butcher, & Nock, 2019).

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 3 Living Criteria of the DSM

Conclusion

Bipolar disorder presents notable challenges for individuals like Mariah Carey, underscoring the significance of early detection and comprehensive treatment approaches. By addressing stigma, delivering effective interventions, and fostering support systems, individuals with bipolar disorder can lead gratifying lives. Grasping the subtleties of bipolar disorder is essential for mental health professionals to provide optimal care and support.

References

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC.

Cagle, J. (2018). Mariah Carey: My Battle with Bipolar Disorder. People.com. Retrieved from https://people.com/music/mariah-carey-bipolar-disorder-diagnosis-exclusive/

Hooley, J. M., Butcher, J. N., & Nock, M. K. (2019). Abnormal psychology (18th ed.). Pearson.

McCormick, U., Murray, B., & McNew, B. (2015). Diagnosis and treatment of patients with bipolar disorder: A review for advanced practice nurses. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners, 27(9), 530-542.

McIntyre, R. S., & Calabrese, J. R. (2019). Bipolar Depression: The clinical characteristics and unmet needs of a complex disorder. Current Medical Research and Opinion, 35(11), 1993-2005. Retrieved from https://tandonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03007995.2019.1636017

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 3 Living Criteria of the DSM

Vieta, E., et al. (2018). Early Intervention in Bipolar Disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 175(5), 411-426.

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