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PSYC FPX 3500 Assessment 2 Cognitive Psychology Paper

Name

Capella University

PSYC FPX 3500 Learning and Cognition

Prof. Name

Date

Learning Styles Theory

Introduction

Identifying the composition of characteristics and factors crucial for effective learning techniques has been a longstanding inquiry among educators and professionals. Pinpointing various learning factors that enhance individuals’ effectiveness during the learning process could significantly aid educators and students in achieving success. Whether in educational institutions, workplaces, or at home, determining the optimal learning style for each learner is vital for attaining the best learning outcomes. However, accommodating and tailoring instruction to different learning styles can pose challenges both in traditional classrooms and online settings.

The Impact of Learning Styles

Individuals learn through various methods such as listening, visual aids, active participation, or inquiry-based learning. These different styles of learning affect learners differently. While some may comprehend information better through visual or auditory means, others may require a hands-on, sequential learning approach for effective understanding. Understanding one’s learning style not only benefits educators but also empowers learners to optimize their learning experiences (Truong, 2016). Once a learning style is identified, educational staff can tailor instruction to optimize the learning process and facilitate better learning outcomes (Kirschner, 2017). The concept of individualized learning styles continues to evolve, with researchers suggesting that learning styles may change over time or that learners develop custom styles based on previous experiences (Xiao & Abdul Rahman, 2017).

According to Truong (2016), the landscape of learning styles is diverse, with over 70 theories proposed in the last three decades. Adapting learning modules or lessons to accommodate each learning style is challenging. Educators strive to cater to various learning styles in a manner that maximizes impact for all learners, whether they are secondary school students, entry-level employees, or professionals.

Research Methodology of Learning Styles Theory

The articles analyzed in researching Learning Styles Theory focused on effective learning processes. While understanding and identifying learning styles benefit individuals of all ages and types of learners, not all researchers consider learning styles essential for efficient learning. Kirschner (2017) questions the validity and reliability of tests used in studying learning styles due to inconsistencies. He found qualitative self-reporting surveys and questionnaires to be the most common yet inaccurate research methods for studying learning styles.

PSYC FPX 3500 Assessment 2 Cognitive Psychology Paper

Truong (2016) also criticizes the methodology used in traditional learning style assessments, suggesting that online testing might offer more accurate insights by examining the full learning process step by step. In a pilot study, Xiao and Abdul Rahman (2017) identified personality traits, behavior, and time constraints as factors contributing to comprehensive learning and understanding of one’s learning style. All the articles contributed relevant insights into the relevance and effectiveness of the learning styles theory.

Limitations and Strengths

While it would be ideal for educators to integrate each learning style into their teaching, the plethora of learning style theories makes finding an appropriate testing method challenging. Educators accommodating individual learning styles could provide a more engaging learning experience, but the time required for testing and the potential evolution of learning styles over time pose limitations.

Summary and Conclusion

The notion that different learners have distinct learning styles is reasonable given the complexity of the human brain. Understanding these different modes of learning is crucial for creating effective teaching strategies. By integrating various learning styles into lessons, educators provide learners with better opportunities to grasp information effectively. This benefits both learners and educators by fostering a more successful learning environment.

References

Kirschner, P. A. (2017). Stop propagating the learning styles myth. Computers & Education106, 166–171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2016.12.006

Truong, H. M. (2016). Integrating learning styles and adaptive e-learning system: Current developments, problems and opportunities. Computers in Human Behavior55, 1185–1193. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.02.014

PSYC FPX 3500 Assessment 2 Cognitive Psychology Paper

Xiao, L. & Abdul Rahman, S. S. B. (2017). Predicting learning styles based on students’ learning behavior using correlation analysis. Current Science113(11), 2090–2096. https://doi.org/10.18520/cs/v113/i11/2090-2096

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