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PSYC FPX 3500 Assessment 4 Strategies for Enhancing Learning and Memory Fact Sheet


Capella University

PSYC FPX 3500 Learning and Cognition

Prof. Name



The role of the brain in facilitating effective learning and memory processes, including encoding, consolidation, and retrieval, is essential. This paper investigates diverse strategies aimed at enhancing memory, particularly among older individuals. Techniques such as writing, visual imagery, mnemonics, and the multi-store memory model are explored. Additionally, lifestyle elements such as maintaining health, social engagement, and memory exercises are analyzed for their potential impact on memory among older adults. Theoretical frameworks such as activity theory and continuity theory of aging are discussed to provide further insights into memory enhancement approaches.

Keywords: Memory, cognitive learning, Brain, memory techniques, elderly population

Front Page

Title: Learning And Memory Fact Sheet

The brain processes information through encoding, consolidating, and retrieving data. Encoding involves modifying sensory input for storage, facilitated by the hippocampus. Consolidation utilizes stored information for processing new data, while retrieval recalls stored information. Effective functioning of these processes enhances daily activities.

Example: Participants recalling words exemplifies retrieval. These functions support effective brain functioning and memory storage.

Techniques For Enhancing Learning And Memory

Rephrasing or Writing Down InformationWriting information aids memory by enhancing encoding and retrieval processes, improving long-term retention.
Multi-Store Model of MemoryAtkinson-Shiffrin’s model outlines memory storage stages: sensory input, short-term memory, and long-term memory, emphasizing rehearsal for retrieval.
Creating MnemonicsMnemonics, like rhymes or acronyms, aid memory retention by facilitating associations.
Visual ImageryVisual techniques, such as videos or pictures, aid long-term memory storage by enhancing retention.
Back Page

Title: Enhancing Learning And Memory For Elderly Population

Exercise the Memory: Memory exercises, including card games and puzzles, improve cognitive function and memory in older adults.

Healthy Lifestyle: A healthy lifestyle, incorporating balanced nutrition and exercise, improves brain function and memory retention in the elderly.

Socialization: Social engagement enhances cognitive function and memory in older adults, reducing isolation and depression.

Theories And Research Findings For Improved Memory In Elders

Activity Theory To Improve Elder Memory: Active engagement in learning activities improves memory and cognitive function in the elderly, reducing stress and isolation.

Continuity Theory of Aging: Engagement in learning activities and socialization improves memory and cognitive function in older adults, aligning with past experiences.

PSYC FPX 3500 Assessment 4 Strategies for Enhancing Learning and Memory Fact Sheet

Research Findings: Studies suggest that factors like diet, exercise, and socialization improve memory in older adults.


Effective memory enhancement techniques, coupled with a healthy lifestyle and social engagement, improve memory function in older adults, contributing to overall well-being.


Describe brain functionsProficientClear explanation with evidence
Techniques explanationDistinguishedDetailed explanations with scholarly support
Application of theoriesDistinguishedEffective application of theories with relevant discussion
Self-evaluationDistinguishedDetailed evaluation addressing each criterion
Writing styleProficientClear and engaging language
APA styleDistinguishedAdherence to APA 7th edition guidelines

Babaei, P., & Azari, H. B. (2022). Exercise training improves memory performance in older adults: A narrative review of evidence and possible mechanisms. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.

Drigas, A., Mitsea, E., & Skianis, C. (2022). Metamemory: Metacognitive strategies for improved memory operations and the role of VR and mobiles. Behavioral Sciences, 12(11), 450.

Guedes, J., & Melo, S. (2019). Continuity theory. Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging.

Mcdermott, K., & Roediger, H. (2018). Memory (encoding, storage, retrieval).

Schmidt, M., & Tawfik, A. A. (2022). Activity theory as a lens for developing and applying personas and scenarios in learning experience design. The Journal of Applied Instructional Design, 11(1).

Tsai, F.-J., & Shen, S.-W. (2022). Concepts of dementia prevention in the health promotion among older adults: A narrative review. Medicine, 101(50), 32172.

Weerasinghe, M., Biener, V., Grubert, J., Quigley, A., Toniolo, A., Pucihar, K. C., & Kljun, M. (2022). Vocabulary: Learning vocabulary in AR supported by keyword visualizations. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics.

PSYC FPX 3500 Assessment 4 Strategies for Enhancing Learning and Memory Fact Sheet

Zhidong, C., Wang, X., Yin, J., Song, D., & Chen, Z. (2021). Effects of physical exercise on working memory in older adults: A systematic and meta-analytic review. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 18(1).

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