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PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 1 Community Presentation

Name

Capella University

PSYC FPX 4100 History and Modern Systems of Psychology

Prof. Name

Date

Introduction/Background

Psychology in the Middle East has recently gained significant attention, shedding light on the distinct dynamics of psychological practices within this region (Hassan et al., 2021; Oakley et al., 2019). Understanding the significant figures, primary concerns, and theoretical debates within Middle Eastern psychology offers a comprehensive insight into its evolution and differentiation from Western psychology.

Middle East Psychology

The Arab region, encompassing 22 member states across Asia and Africa, accounts for roughly 5% of the global population and exhibits diverse cultural and economic landscapes (Saab et al., 2022). Islam serves as the predominant religion, with Arabic being the official language, which significantly influences the socio-cultural fabric of the region (Saab et al., 2022).

Key Figures of Islamic Psychology

Islamic psychology boasts a rich history, with prominent figures such as Ibn Sina, Muhammed Zakariyah-e-Razi, Al-Ghazali, and Ibn-Khaldun shaping its fundamental principles (Martyn Shuttleworth, 2019). Their contributions have laid the groundwork for comprehending the intersection of religion and psychology within Islamic contexts.

Central Concerns and Theoretical Conflicts

Muslim populations, particularly those residing in Western countries, face various challenges encompassing spiritual, biopsychosocial, and economic dimensions (Tanhan & Young, 2021). Despite the significance attributed to mental health stability in Islam, there persists limited access to mental health services among Muslim communities (Tanhan & Young, 2021). Utilizing the expertise of Muslim mental health professionals is crucial in addressing these disparities through tailored interventions and research initiatives (Tanhan & Young, 2021).

How Psychology Offers Culturally Similar Perspectives

The integration of religion within psychological frameworks has gained momentum, as seen in initiatives such as the American Psychological Association’s Division 36 on the Psychology of Religion (APA, 2018). Research underscores the positive correlation between religiosity and mental health, highlighting the necessity for culturally sensitive approaches that resonate with diverse belief systems (Iqbal & Skinner, 2021).

Evaluation of Similarities in Cultural Influences

Cultural influences permeate both Islamic and Western psychology, characterized by shared values of justice and inclusivity (Rifai, 2022). The interplay of socio-political, religious, and economic factors shapes the psychological landscape, fostering a nuanced understanding of human behavior across diverse contexts (Rifai, 2022).

Evaluation of Differences in Cultural Influences

Disparities in acculturation levels and language proficiency present significant challenges for highly acculturated immigrants and ethnic minorities, impeding their access to mental health resources (Dahlan et al., 2019). Cultural barriers exacerbate these challenges, necessitating culturally tailored interventions to bridge the gap in mental health care delivery (Dahlan et al., 2019).

Conclusion

In conclusion, the comparison between Islamic and Western psychology highlights both commonalities and differences in their cultural foundations. Acculturation, along with concerted efforts in research, training, and advocacy, holds the potential to promote mental health equity among diverse populations, transcending linguistic, ethnic, and geographical boundaries.

References

American Psychological Association. (2018). The psychology of religion: An empirical approach. Guilford Publications.

Dahlan, R., Badri, P., Saltaji, H., & Amin, M. (2019). Impact of acculturation on oral health among immigrants and ethnic minorities: A systematic review. PLOS ONE, 14(2), e0212891.

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 1 Community Presentation

Hassan, S. A., Mohamed, F., Sheikh, N., Basualdo, G., Daniel, N. A., Schwartz, R., Gebreselassie, B. T., Beyene, Y. K., Gabreselassie, L., Bayru, K., Tadesse, B., Libneh, H. A., Shidane, M., Benalfew, S., Ali, A., Rao, D., Patel, R. C., & Kerani, R. P. (2021). “They wait until the disease has taken over you and the doctors cannot do anything about it”: Qualitative insights from Harambee! 2.0. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(23), 1-20.

Iqbal, N., & Skinner, R. (2021). Islamic psychology: Emergence and current challenges. Archive for the Psychology of Religion, 43(1), 65–77.

Martyn Shuttleworth. (2019). Islamic Psychology – History of Psychology. Explorable.com.

Oakley, L. P., López-Cevallos, D. F., & Harvey, S. M. (2019). The association of cultural and structural factors with perceived medical mistrust among young adult Latinos in rural Oregon. Behavioral Medicine, 45(2), 118-127.

Rifai, D. S. L. (2022). Islam and the West in Ali al- Namlah ’s Reconciliatory Thought: Dr SLM RIFAI Part 1. Papers.ssrn.com.

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 1 Community Presentation

Saab, R., Harb, C., Ayanian, A. H., Badaan, V., & Albzour, and M. (2022). Psychology in the Arab region: A critical perspective on challenges and ways forward. APS Observer, 35.

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