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PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions


Capella University

PSYC FPX 4100 History and Modern Systems of Psychology

Prof. Name


Applied Psychology in Professions

Applied Psychology encompasses the practical application of psychological knowledge and theories to address real-world issues across various domains such as living, education, industry, or environmental concerns (American Psychological Association [APA], n.d.). Counseling psychology, as a professional field, aims to support individuals in managing distress, difficulties, and problems to improve their functioning in life. It employs education, training, guidance, and therapeutic interventions to assist individuals during challenging times (Furman & Lepper, 2018).

Psychologists equipped with culturally informed and evidence-based interventions and assessments focus on individuals’ strengths, backgrounds, and developmental trajectories. They also acknowledge the influence of workplace and career experiences on an individual’s personality.

Description of the Historical Development of Counseling Psychology

The evolution of counseling psychology (CP) as an applied specialty within the American Psychological Association (APA) traces back to the 1940s. Formal recognition of CP as a specialty occurred in 1946, reaffirmed in 1998, with significant milestones including the establishment of the discipline, key research journals, and pivotal conferences (Furman & Lepper, 2018).

Organizations like the Society of Counseling Psychology (SCP) and the Council of Counseling Psychology Training Programs (CCPTP) played crucial roles in CP’s development, notably SCP, formerly known as Division 17. Influential figures such as John Whiteley attribute CP’s origins to guidance practices and early therapeutic interventions like Carl Rogers’ person-centered therapy.

The 1950s witnessed significant progress with the emergence of doctoral training standards, major conferences, and the founding of the Journal of Counseling Psychology. This period laid the foundation for CP’s subsequent growth and advancement (IResearchNet, n.d.).

Analysis of Societal or Cultural Needs to Develop Counseling Psychology

Counseling Psychology addresses the needs of individuals and society by offering structured support to navigate distress and societal challenges. Its evolution reflects an increasing emphasis on social justice, equity, and inclusivity. Over time, CP has adapted to meet the diverse needs of various societal groups, including marginalized populations (DeBlaere et al., 2019).

The emergence of cultural and cross-cultural psychology signifies a broader recognition of the impact of cultural diversity on human behavior and development. As globalization fosters increased cultural interactions, understanding cultural differences becomes crucial for effective communication and collaboration (Schmitt, 2017).

Analysis of How History of Counseling Psychology Informs Professional Behaviors

The history of counseling psychology shapes professional behaviors by promoting ethical guidelines, advocating for social justice, and emphasizing holistic approaches to client well-being. Counseling psychologists are encouraged to address systemic issues, such as access to mental health services, and to undergo specialized training to meet evolving societal needs (Oh et al., 2017).

Additionally, counseling psychology’s focus on human development informs professional behaviors by encouraging counselors to consider clients’ diverse backgrounds and cultural contexts. This holistic approach enhances the effectiveness of counseling interventions and fosters greater client satisfaction (Oh et al., 2017).


Counseling Psychology, recognized by the American Psychological Association (APA), plays a crucial role in supporting individuals’ mental health and well-being through evidence-based interventions. Its historical development reflects societal needs, including social justice and cultural diversity, shaping its evolution over time. By understanding its history and societal context, counseling psychologists can better address the complex challenges of contemporary society.


American Psychological Association. (2020). Counseling psychology.

American Psychological Association. (n.d.). Applied psychology.

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions

Cooper, S. E., Campbell, L. F., & Smucker Barnwell, S. (2019). Telepsychology: A primer for counseling psychologists. The Counseling Psychologist, 47(8), 1074–1114.

DeBlaere, C., Singh, A. A., Wilcox, M. M., Cokley, K. O., Delgado-Romero, E. A., Scalise, D. A., & Shawahin, L. (2019). Social justice in counseling psychology: Then, now, and looking forward. The Counseling Psychologist, 47(6), 938–962.

Furman, T. M., & Lepper, T. L. (2018). Applied behavior analysis: Definitional difficulties. The Psychological Record, 68(1), 103–106.

Hui-Spears, K., & Park-Saltzman, J. (2022). Social justice identity development for international counseling psychology students. The Counseling Psychologist, 001100002210994.

Lester, J. N., Wong, Y. J., O’Reilly, M., & Kiyimba, N. (2018). Discursive psychology: Implications for counseling psychology. The Counseling Psychologist, 46(5), 576–607.

Oh, J., Stewart, A. E., & Phelps, R. E. (2017). Topics in the journal of counseling psychology, 1963-2015. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 64(6), 604–615.

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions

Schmitt, N. (2017). Reflections on the journal of applied psychology for 1989 to 1994: Changes in major research themes and practices over 25 years. Journal of Applied Psychology, 102(3), 564–568.

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