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BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 5 Genetics Lab

BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 5 Genetics Lab Free Sample Papers Anxiety (1) BS Psychology (5) Depression (11) Essay (2) Need writer for your Psychology Papers? Get your paper in 24 Hours. We have a team of Psychology Academic Writers who can help you quickly write plagiarism-free papers, essays, and research articles. Hire Writer BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 5 Genetics Lab Name Capella University BIO FPX 1000 Human Biology Prof. Name Date Genetics Laboratory Services The Genetics Laboratory offers a comprehensive range of services covering all facets of chromosome studies, including congenital diseases, prenatal diagnostics, and hematologic or oncologic conditions. The laboratory not only provides technical guidance but also offers consultative expertise to ensure high-quality patient care while promoting interprofessional collaboration. This assessment will delve into various aspects such as the inheritance and genetic changes, description of the genetic procedure determining gender, interpretation of karyotype results, exploration of the effects of chromosomal abnormalities on body systems, and a discussion on the advantages and disadvantages of genetic testing along with its impact on patients. Chances of Inheriting Autosomal Traits The probability of inheriting autosomal recessive diseases significantly increases when both parents are carriers or heterozygous, with a 25% likelihood of transmitting the condition to their offspring. According to the Punnett square model, there is a 50% chance for each parent to pass on the allele responsible for the illness (Gulani & Weiler, 2020). The probability multiplication rule further suggests a 50% chance for both the mother and the father to transmit their disease allele (Gulani & Weiler, 2020). Inheriting two disease alleles following a recessive pattern leads to the manifestation of an autosomal recessive disease, in accordance with Mendel’s Law of Segregation. Pedigree analysis aids in identifying the inheritance pattern within families, where autosomal recessive disorders typically affect both males and females equally. This pattern may exhibit generational skipping, and affected individuals are often offspring of unaffected carriers. Horizontal transmission might elucidate the presence of afflicted individuals across multiple generations (Gulani & Weiler, 2020). Determining the Gender in a Lab Scenario In a hypothetical scenario, Sandra, a 28-year-old sickle cell anemia patient in her third trimester of pregnancy, underwent prenatal genetic testing. Sickle cell disease (SCD) stems from a monogenetic condition triggered by a single base-pair point mutation in the β-globin gene. The phenotypic spectrum of the disease encompasses recurrent pain episodes, chronic hemolytic anemia, and heightened susceptibility to infections (Inusa et al., 2019). While SCD is an autosomal recessive disorder unaffected by gender, studies suggest gender-related disparities in SCD mortality and morbidity among adult patients, with higher mortality rates observed in men (Ceglie et al., 2019). Interpretation of Karyotype Results Karyotype testing serves as a pivotal tool in the identification and management of various diseases. Positive results signify unexpected alterations in the number or structure of chromosomes, whereas negative results affirm the absence of such mutations. Abnormal findings can offer insights into the health status of the patient or the child based on the identified chromosomal anomalies (Shi et al., 2019). Genetic Counselor’s Insights Karyotype testing, though capable of detecting genetic mutations on the 11th chromosome, may not entirely diagnose sickle cell anemia and thus necessitates supplementary tests including genetic and prenatal screening. Pros and Cons of Genetic Testing The realm of genetic testing for rare diseases presents ethical dilemmas pertinent to individuals, organizations, and healthcare systems (Kruse et al., 2022). Positive Aspects: Advancements in rapid genetic diagnosis, particularly facilitated by next-generation sequencing technologies. Early and precise diagnosis mitigates the requirement for invasive, expensive tests. BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 5 Genetics Lab Negative Aspects: Ethical quandaries such as privacy issues associated with disease disclosure to relatives. Ethical considerations surrounding post-mortem genetic testing counseling. Laboratories may exhibit limited interest in genetic testing for sporadic disorders due to low test volume and high developmental costs (Kruse et al., 2022). Impact of Positive and Negative Ramifications The identification of a mutation on the 11th chromosome empowers Sandra to make informed decisions regarding the treatment of her child and future pregnancies. However, it also poses a potential risk to her other children due to the heightened likelihood of inheriting sickle cell anemia (Shah & Krishnamurti, 2021). Conclusion Genetic testing stands as a valuable instrument for comprehending an individual’s genetic composition and detecting mutations predisposing to specific medical conditions. Karyotype examination holds paramount importance in the timely detection and management of diseases. While genetic testing offers numerous benefits such as prompt disease detection, the ethical challenges associated with identification remain a significant concern. References Ceglie, G., Di Mauro, M., Tarissi De Jacobis, I., de Gennaro, F., Quaranta, M., Baronci, C., Villani, A., & Palumbo, G. (2019). Gender-Related differences in sickle cell disease in a pediatric cohort: A single-center retrospective study. Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences, 6. Gulani, A., & Weiler, T. (2020). Genetics, Autosomal Recessive. PubMed; StatPearls Publishing. Inusa, B., Hsu, L., Kohli, N., Patel, A., Ominu-Evbota, K., Anie, K., & Atoyebi, W. (2019). Sickle cell disease—genetics, pathophysiology, clinical presentation and treatment. International Journal of Neonatal Screening, 5(2), 20. Kruse, J., Mueller, R., Aghdassi, A. A., Lerch, M. M., & Salloch, S. (2022). Genetic testing for rare diseases: A systematic review of ethical aspects. Frontiers in Genetics, 12. Shah, N., & Krishnamurti, L. (2021). Evidence-based minireview: In young children with severe sickle cell disease, do the benefits of HLA-identical sibling donor HCT outweigh the risks? Hematology, 2021(1), 190–195. BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 5 Genetics Lab Shi, Y., Ma, J., Xue, Y., Wang, J., Yu, B., & Wang, T. (2019). The assessment of combined karyotype analysis and chromosomal microarray in pregnant women of advanced maternal age: a multicenter study. Annals of Translational Medicine, 7(14), 318–318. Also Read BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 5 Genetics Lab Read More BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 4 Digestion Lab Read More BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 3 Urinary Lab Read More BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 2 Neuromuscular Lab Read More Load More

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