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BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 2 Neuromuscular Lab

Name Capella University BIO FPX 1000 Human Biology Prof. Name Date Neuromuscular Lab The Neuromuscular Lab, located within the University of Michigan Department of Surgery, is dedicated to studying peripheral nerve injuries and the neural control of prosthetic limbs. Peripheral nerves possess a unique ability to regenerate, unlike central nervous system neural cells. Research at the Neuromuscular Lab focuses on understanding the regeneration process, developing innovative technologies, and improving surgical techniques to enhance patient outcomes after peripheral nerve damage (University of Michigan Department of Surgery Research, 2019). Comprehensive Eye Examination A comprehensive eye exam involves various tests to assess vision and detect eye conditions. These tests utilize different lenses, specialized tools, and examination under various lighting conditions. The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends such exams at age 40, especially for those without apparent vision issues (American Academy of Ophthalmology, n.d.). Regular eye exams, occurring annually or biennially for individuals aged 60 or older, and for specific groups like contact lens wearers, are crucial (Mayo Clinic, 2019). Tests such as eye muscle evaluations, visual acuity tests, and refraction assessments contribute to evaluating ocular health comprehensively (Mayo Clinic, 2019). Routine eye exams are pivotal in preventing or minimizing damage from certain eye conditions; more than 75 percent of sight loss and blindness is preventable through appropriate treatment or lifestyle changes (Toli et al., 2021). Recent research highlights mitochondrial flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) transporter deficiencies contributing to neuromuscular dysfunction (Al Shamsi et al., 2021). Importance of Reflex Measurement in Diagnostic Eye Exams Reflex measurement is essential in diagnostic eye exams for localizing neuromuscular diseases. It aids accurate bedside diagnosis, offering insights not attainable through other modalities like clinical neurophysiological and neuroradiological investigations (Palmer et al., 2020). Consequences of Neglecting Reflex Measurement Omitting reflex measurement during eye exams can lead to undetected infections and diseases, delaying intervention and potentially exacerbating ocular issues contributing to brain injuries (Stuart et al., 2020). Patient Examinations Patient Elena Age 36 Complaint Red eye and pain Blood Pressure 140/90 mm Hg Past Ocular History Similar episodes reported Eye Test Result Diagnosed with reduced vision Possible Resolution Recommended to avoid high beam lights BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 2 Neuromuscular Lab Patient Manav Dutt Age 45 Complaint Blurred vision, frequent headaches Blood Pressure 140/90 mm Hg Past Ocular and Medical History Hypertension, chain smoking Eye Test Result Diagnosed with partial blindness due to chemical injury Possible Resolution Immediate intervention recommended, referral to an ophthalmologist BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 2 Neuromuscular Lab Patient Spencer Hogle Age 36 Occupation Factory worker Complaint Eye bleeding Blood Pressure 113/80 mm Hg Past Ocular and Medical History No similar issues reported Eye Test Result Diagnosed with corrosive chemical metal damage Possible Resolution Immediate surgery by an expert ophthalmologist required Conclusion Regular eye exams, including reflex measurement, are vital for identifying and addressing ocular issues. Timely examinations help prevent overlooked problems and ensure prompt intervention. References Al Shamsi, B., Al Murshedi, F., Al Habsi, A., & Al-Thihli, K. (2021). Hypoketotic hypoglycemia without neuromuscular complications in patients with SLC25A32 deficiency. European Journal of Human Genetics. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41431-021-00995-7 American Academy of Ophthalmology. (n.d.). Eye exam – Mayo Clinic. Mayoclinic.org. https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/eye-exam/about/pac-20384655 BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 2 Neuromuscular Lab Mayo Clinic. (2019). Eye exam – Mayo Clinic. Mayoclinic.org. https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/eye-exam/about/pac-20384655 Palmer, J. J., Jones, C., Surur, E. I., & Kelly, A. H. (2020). Understanding the role of the diagnostic “Reflex” in the elimination of human African trypanosomiasis. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease, 5(2), 52. https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed5020052 Stuart, S., Parrington, L., Martini, D., Peterka, R., Chesnutt, J., & King, L. (2020). The measurement of eye movements in mild traumatic brain injury: A structured review of an emerging area. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, 2. https://doi.org/10.3389/fspor.2020.00005 Toli, A., Perente, A., & Labiris, G. (2021). Evaluation of the red reflex: An overview for the pediatrician. World Journal of Methodology, 11(5), 263–277. https://doi.org/10.5662/wjm.v11.i5.263 University of Michigan Department of Surgery Research. (2019). Neuromuscular Lab | Surgery Research | Michigan Medicine. Surgery Research. https://medicine.umich.edu/dept/surgery-research/research-strengths/musculoskeletal-regenerative-medicine/neuromuscular-lab

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