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BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 3 Urinary Lab

BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 3 Urinary Lab Free Sample Papers Anxiety (1) BS Psychology (3) Depression (11) Essay (2) Need writer for your Psychology Papers? Get your paper in 24 Hours. We have a team of Psychology Academic Writers who can help you quickly write plagiarism-free papers, essays, and research articles. Hire Writer BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 3 Urinary Lab Name Capella University BIO FPX 1000 Human Biology Prof. Name Date Urinary Analysis: Significance and Clinical Implications The examination of urine, termed urinalysis, is a vital diagnostic procedure essential for evaluating various conditions affecting the urinary tract, kidneys, or associated morbidities like hypertension or diabetes (Mayo Clinic, 2021). This article aims to elucidate the importance of urinary analysis and its clinical implications, emphasizing the consequences of overlooking this fundamental examination. Furthermore, it will discuss different types of diabetes and their respective management strategies, along with exploring the reasons and consequences of detecting blood traces in urine. Purpose and Significance of Urinary Analysis Urinalysis, a comprehensive evaluation of urine, constitutes an integral component of routine medical assessments conducted for health evaluations and disease identification (Mayo Clinic, 2021). This analysis proves crucial when patients exhibit symptoms such as dysuria, hematuria, diabetes, renal complications, hepatic disorders, or other urinary anomalies encountered in conditions like pregnancy. By discerning the underlying causes of specific symptoms and indications of associated illnesses, urinalysis aids in prompt diagnosis and subsequent management. Urinalysis encompasses three main methods: a physical examination assessing color, volume, and density; a chemical examination identifying various components; and a microscopic examination detecting microorganisms, cells, and crystals in urine (Milani & Jialal, 2021). Samples obtained from urinalysis can unveil over 220 diseases, underscoring its significance in disease detection, including diabetes, hypertension, renal ailments, or cardiac failure. Diabetes and its Classification Diabetes, a chronic ailment significantly impacting individuals’ health and well-being, manifests as insulin dysfunction affecting insulin production or utilization (World Health Organization, 2022). This condition predisposes individuals to severe complications such as renal dysfunction, cardiovascular events, visual impairment, and lower extremity amputations (World Health Organization, 2022). The primary types of diabetes include type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) (Saeedi et al., 2019). T1D stems from defective insulin-producing cells, while T2D is characterized by inefficient insulin utilization, often exacerbated by obesity and sedentary lifestyles. Management of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Managing diabetes effectively entails a combination of pharmacotherapy and self-care practices. T1D necessitates insulin therapy or gene-based interventions, including beta cell replacement (Tan et al., 2019). Conversely, T2D management focuses on maintaining optimal body weight, controlling hypertension, adopting a physically active lifestyle, adhering to a balanced diet, and incorporating insulin therapy as needed (Tan et al., 2019). Reasons for Hematuria The presence of blood in urine can stem from the compromised integrity of renal blood vessels due to hyperglycemia. Prolonged hyperglycemia may lead to chronic organ dysfunction and failure, affecting vital organs such as the kidneys, eyes, nerves, heart, and blood vessels (Abebe et al., 2019). Hematuria may also signify underlying conditions like renal disorders, ureteral abnormalities, or prostatic pathologies, contributing to complications such as visual impairment, cardiovascular complications, or extremity ulcers (Abebe et al., 2019; American Diabetes Association, 2021). Patient Case Study Anna, a 62-year-old resident of Houston, sought medical attention at the kidney center’s outpatient department, presenting with elevated blood pressure and renal discomfort. Her medical history indicated an 18-year history of T2D and hypertension. Further evaluation included renal ultrasound and comprehensive urinalysis. According to the findings, Anna’s bladder exhibited normal walls, with pre- and post-void volumes of 684 and 152 ml, respectively. The left kidney displayed a cortical thickness of 2.0 cm and a size of 10.2 cm, with a solitary cyst measuring 1.2 cm in the lower pole. While simple renal cysts may not necessitate immediate intervention, they pose a risk of renal impairment, potentially leading to hypertension or renal insufficiency. Urinalysis Results Patient: Anne Hathaway Test Level pH 5.8 Urea 27 Creatinine 1.6 Bilirubin 8.1 Urobilinogen 4.2 Elevated levels of urobilinogen and creatinine suggest an increased risk of hepatic and renal dysfunction. References Abebe, M., Adane, T., Kefyalew, K., Munduno, T., Fasil, A., Biadgo, B., Ambachew, S., & Shahnawaz, S. (2019). Variation of urine parameters among diabetic patients: A cross-sectional study. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences, 29(1). American Diabetes Association. (2021). 11. Chronic kidney disease and risk management: Standards of medical care in diabetes—2022. Diabetes Care, 45(Supplement_1), S175–S184. Lawrence, J. M., Divers, J., Isom, S., Saydah, S., Imperatore, G., Pihoker, C., Marcovina, S. M., Mayer-Davis, E. J., Hamman, R. F., Dolan, L., Dabelea, D., Pettitt, D. J., & Liese, A. D. (2021). Trends in prevalence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents in the US, 2001-2017. JAMA, 326(8), 717. Mayo Clinic. (2021, October 14). Urinalysis – Mayo Clinic. Milani, D. A. Q., & Jialal, I. (2021, May 9). Urinalysis. PubMed; StatPearls Publishing. Norris, J. M., Johnson, R. K., & Stene, L. C. (2020). Type 1 diabetes—early life origins and changing epidemiology. The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, 8(3), 226–238. Saeedi, P., Petersohn, I., Salpea, P., Malanda, B., Karuranga, S., Unwin, N., Colagiuri, S., Guariguata, L., Motala, A. A., Ogurtsova, K., Shaw, J. E., Bright, D., & Williams, R. (2019). Global and regional diabetes prevalence estimates for 2019 and projections for 2030 and 2045. 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